Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH).
Sections for Harvard University
- About Harvard University.
- About Harvard University. Information.
- Harvard Medical School. Fact & Figures.
- Harvard Medical School. Generations of Leaders.
- Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH).
- Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). History of the School.
- The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH)
The Harvard School of Public Health shield is based on the family arms of Dr. Henry P. Walcott (1838-1932), a Cambridge physician and acting president of the University. Walcott was a public health luminary, having served for 28 years as chairman of the Massachusetts Board of Health, and as president of the American Public Health Association. Walcott advanced the knowledge and application of the principles of bacteriology, sanitary science and medicine to a degree that made Massachusetts one of the world leaders in these domains.
The Walcott arms feature a white shield with a black cross whose arms end in three semicircles, or trefoils. At the end of each arm and in the center are yellow fleur-de-lis.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Mission & Objectives.
The overarching mission of the Harvard School of Public Health is to advance the public’s health through learning, discovery, and communication.
To pursue this mission, the School produces knowledge through research, reproduces knowledge through higher education, and translates knowledge into evidence that can be communicated to the public, policy makers, and practitioners to advance the health of populations.
Our objectives are:
- to provide the highest level of education to public health scientists, practitioners, and leaders
- to foster new discoveries leading to improved health for the people of this country and all nations
- to strengthen health capacities and services for communities
- to inform policy debate, disseminate health information, and increase awareness of health as a public good and fundamental right.
The field of public health is inherently multi-disciplinary. So, too, are the interests and expertise of the School’s faculty and students, which extend across the biological, quantitative, and social sciences. With our roots in the basic sciences, we are able to confront the most pressing diseases of our time—AIDS, cancer, and heart disease—by adding to our knowledge of the biological, chemical, genetic, and societal forces underlying disease. Core quantitative disciplines like epidemiology and biostatistics are fundamental to analyzing the broad impact of health problems, allowing us to look beyond individuals to entire populations. And, because preventing disease is at the heart of public health, we also pursue the social sciences to better understand societal influences of health-related behaviors and to inform public policy—both of which are critical elements to educating and empowering people to lead healthier lives.
From advancing scientific discovery to educating national and international leaders, the Harvard School of Public Health has been at the forefront of efforts to benefit the health of populations worldwide. Shaping new ideas in our field and communicating them effectively will continue to be priorities in the years ahead as we serve society’s changing health needs.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Core Values.
Core values, concepts, and principles of the Harvard School of Public Health
- Health is a fundamental right of every human being.
- Public health has the responsibility to improve and protect the health of all populations, especially the most vulnerable of these-children, the elderly, the poor, and the underserved.
- Public health must emphasize prevention and embrace collective, multifaceted action to respond to emerging challenges to health practitioners and researchers; it must investigate disease determinants and risks, improve health care quality and delivery, and influence policy.
- Institutions of public health should provide information that promotes health in populations and empowers individuals to make sound health decisions.
- The educational and research agenda of a public health institution must transcend local and national boundaries-health is a global concern.
- A public health institution should support the ideal of service in all its aspects-research, teaching, community involvement, and communication.
- All members of a public health institution should respect the highest principles of scientific and academic conduct, foster open inquiry, and honor individual rights.
Distinctions Between Medicine & Public Health MEDICINE
- Primary focus on individual
- Personal service ethic, in the context of social responsibilities
- Emphasis on disease diagnosis, treatment, and care for the individual patient
- Medical paradigm places predominant emphasis on medical care
- Uniform system for certifying specialists beyond professional medical degree
- Lines of specialization organized, for example, by:
- organ system (cardiology, neurology)
- patient group (obstetrics, pediatrics)
- etiology and pathophysiology (infectious disease, oncology)
- technical skill (radiology, surgery)
- Biological sciences central, stimulated by needs of patients; research moves between laboratory and bedside
- Numerical sciences increasing in prominence, though still a relatively minor part of training
- Social sciences tend to be an elective part of medical education
- Primary focus on populations
- Public service ethic, as an extension of concerns for the individual
- Emphasis on disease prevention and health promotion for the whole community
- Public health paradigm employs a spectrum of interventions aimed at the environment, human behavior and lifestyle, and medical care
- Variable certification of specialists beyond professional public health degree
- Lines of specialization organized, for example, by:
- analytical method (epidemiology, toxicology)
- setting and population (occupational health, global health)
- substantive health problem (environmental health, nutrition)
- Life sciences central, with a prime focus on major threats to the health of populations; research moves between laboratory and field
- Population sciences and quantitative disciplines essential features of analysis and training
- Social and public policy disciplines an integral part of public health education
Milestones in HSPH History
Founded in 1922, the Harvard School of Public Health grew out of the Harvard-MIT School for Health Officers, the nation’s first graduate training program in public health. During the past eight decades, the School’s faculty members—frequently working in collaboration with others at Harvard and around the world—have made landmark contributions revolutionizing public health.
Below is a sampling of the School’s accomplishments:
- Discovered a second human immunodeficiency virus, HIV-2, which causes most HIV infections in West Africa. Also demonstrated that HIV-2 is less virulent and less infectious than HIV-1, and that HIV-2 seems to offer some protection against HIV-1. Because the genetic structures of the viruses are similar, this work may provide clues to understanding the pathogenesis of HIV-1 and hasten vaccine development.
- Determined that a retrovirus was the agent causing AIDS, that the HIV virus could be transmitted through blood and blood products given through blood transfusions, and identified which viral antigens were most useful for blood-bank screening.
- Provided, through the Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research, the services needed to guarantee the statistical integrity and quality of most government AIDS trials in the U.S. since 1995.
- Provided the first evidence that HIV could be transmitted through heterosexual intercourse.
- Identified a protein on the surface of HIV that provides the basis for accurate epidemiologic monitoring, a novel approach to drug development, and diagnostics. This protein is a likely target for a vaccine.
- Discovered how to grow poliovirus in non-nerve tissue, a discovery for which Thomas Weller won a 1954 Nobel Prize and which paved the way for the development of polio vaccines in the mid-1950s.
- Invented the iron lung, a device that saved thousands afflicted with polio until a vaccine was found.
- Helped public health officials plan effective strategies for containing the SARS epidemic by devising a mathematical model to estimate the virus’s potential to spread.
- Determined that deer ticks transmit the agent that causes Lyme disease, described the life cycle of this tick, and defined the role of deer and of mice in the transmission of this pathogen.
- Demonstrated that not all fats are “bad fats,” but that different types have different effects—with trans fatty acids being harmful and plant oils being beneficial—revolutionizing how the U.S. government and health experts worldwide give nutritional advice. *
- Showed that the large majority of coronary heart disease and diabetes cases can be prevented by avoidance of smoking, moderate physical activity, weight control, a diet emphasizing healthy fats, healthy carbohydrates, and generous intake of fruits and vegetables, and optional moderate alcohol intake. *
- Released a report showing that more than half of U.S. cancer deaths result from modifiable lifestyle habits, including smoking, poor diet, obesity, and lack of exercise.
- Determined that an aspirin a day protects men and women from colon adenomas (a precursor to colon cancer). *
- Invented the direct-current cardiac defibrillator, which has saved thousands of people suffering from erratic heart rhythms or cardiac arrest.
- Engineered transgenic mice resistant to atherosclerosis, providing insights on prevention and treatment of the disease.
- Published a groundbreaking study highlighting the hazards of passive smoking, or “second-hand smoke.” The study linked this exposure to lung cancer.
- Developed statistical methods that led to the identification of genetic variants that increase susceptibility to a wide variety of diseases. Identified the common genetic variant with the strongest influence on breast cancer risk, and several other susceptibility genes for breast and prostate cancer, and diabetes and other diseases.
Environmental and Social Determinants
- Launched the “Designated Driver” campaign in the U.S. to curb alcohol-related traffic crashes, which contributed to a drop in fatalities by more than 25 percent.
- Prompted revolutionary revisions to the U.S. Clean Air Act through the Six Cities Study, begun in 1974 in response to the U.S. energy crisis. The study found that air pollution-related cardiopulmonary problems were occurring at exposure levels below existing standards; the most dangerous components of air pollution were microscopic bits of solid matter (particulates) produced by fossil fuel combustion; indoor air pollution was sometimes significantly riskier than outdoor pollution; and that passive smoking has significant effects on the respiratory health of children.
- Conducted seminal studies of patients with kidney and heart disease showing that even after coming to medical attention, minorities and the poor receive lower rates of surgery (when appropriate) and lower quality care than whites and those of higher socioeconomic status.
- Identified the “demographic dividend” that occurs in developing countries as health improvements and falling infant mortality lead to a decline in fertility and a baby boom generation that dominates the age structure. If appropriate policies are in place, the surge in labor supply and savings produced by this baby boom generation as it matures can fuel a remarkable economic growth spurt—suggesting that “health makes wealth.”
- Collaborated with the World Health Organization and the World Bank to release the landmark Global Burden of Disease report, which documents the world’s leading causes of death and disability and analyzes the impact of 107 major diseases and health hazards in nine different global regions.
- Provided the biostatistical design for the first study showing a connection between DES, a drug used to prevent miscarriages, and vaginal cancers, miscarriages, and infertility in a mother’s female offspring. Male DES babies had significantly higher rates of structural abnormalities and fertility problems, while the mothers were 50 percent more likely to develop breast cancer.
- Showed that alterations in surface tension in the smallest air sacs in the lungs were the fundamental cause of Respiratory Distress Syndrome in newborns. The discovery led to improved clinical care of babies with breathing problems, including replacing missing lung surfactant.
- Diagnosed the causes of and helped establish controls against radium poisoning in the watch maker industry, mercury poisoning in the felt-hat industry, and carbon monoxide poisoning in garages, printing establishments, tunnels, and the mining industry.
- Worked collaboratively with labor and management to improve worker safety in the rubber-tire, meat-packing, and automobile industries.
- Studied the health impact of the presence of heavy metals, such as lead, arsenic, and manganese, in environments around the world and devised low-cost alternative methods for counteracting their effects.
- Documented that life expectancy is worsening or stagnating for a large segment of the U.S. population.
Health Policy and Systems
- Launched the “patient safety movement” with the Harvard Medical Practice Study, the first comprehensive measure of medical injuries and preventable medical errors in hospitals. The study provided critical data for the internationally renowned Institute of Medicine report, To Err is Human.
- Led a WHO effort to design and institute a safe surgery checklist, which was shown to enable surgical teams to decrease errors and complications, save lives, and save hospitals money.
- Identified new, lower cost, and more efficient ways to screen for and prevent cervical cancer in developing countries, where it is a leading cause of cancer deaths in women.
- Created the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale (RBRVS) by calculating the time and intensity of effort required for every medical procedure, replacing the traditional charge-based fee-for-service payment by Medicare. By 1995, most public and private insurance programs in the U.S. had adopted the RBRVS model for paying physician services. By 2004, Australia, Canada, France, and private insurance plans in Britain adopted the RBRVS.
- Began pioneering studies of the cost-effectiveness of medical interventions, launching the discipline now known as health decision science. Such studies, which introduced the concept of expressing cost in relation to quality-adjusted life-years saved, or QALYs, are used to guide health care policy throughout the world.
- Gro Harlem Brundtland, MPH ’65, and Prime Minister of Norway (1981, 1986-89, 1990-96), was Director-General of the World Health Organization from 1998–2003.
- In the 1920s, thanks to HSPH faculty member Alice Hamilton’s pioneering examination of worker poisoning in the lead industry, Illinois became the first state to adopt legislation safeguarding workers’ health. Hamilton was also Harvard’s first female professor.
- Two HSPH-affiliated scientists have been awarded the Nobel Prize. In 1954 Thomas Weller received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. Amartya Sen won the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1998. Another faculty member, Bernard Lown, co-founded the Nobel Prize-winning group International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War.
- Since 1962, six directors of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have been Harvard School of Public Health graduates.
*Denotes research results from the Nurses’ Health Study I and II, the Health Professionals Follow-up Health Study, and/or the Physicians’ Health Study I and II which are conducted by researchers in the Division of Preventive Medicine and the Channing Laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, together with researchers in the Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition at HSPH. The Nurses’ Health Study is the largest and longest-running women’s health study in the world.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Location & Facilities.
The School’s main buildings for research, teaching, and administration are located at 651 and 677 Huntington Avenue on the Harvard Longwood Campus in Boston. These facilities are adjacent to the Mission Hill neighborhood, Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, and the Countway Library of Medicine, and are near several Harvard-affiliated hospitals. As of Spring, 2011, HSPH also houses administrative offices (including Alumni Affairs, External Relations, Human Resources, IT, and Operations) at 90 Smith Street.
The School also has offices in the historic Landmark Center Building, which is located about a mile from the main campus on the corner of Brookline Avenue and Park Drive (401 Park Drive), and at 841 Parker Street in Mission Hill. A shuttle bus from the School’s main campus to the Landmark Building leaves from the front door of the François-Xavier Bagnoud (FXB) Building.
The Office of Diversity is at 35 Wigglesworth Street in Boston. Additional buildings on 9 Bow Street and 22 Plympton Street in the Harvard Square area of Cambridge house the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies.
*Photo by Liza Green, HMS Media Services, All Rights Reserved.
Harvard Longwood Campus Map
Longwood Campus Directions
- From North or South of Boston
- Take I-93 North/South to Exit 26 (Storrow Drive).
- Follow Storrow Drive approximately 2.5 miles to Kenmore Square/Fenway exit (on left).
- The exit ramp forks, stay to your right.
- Take right at first light into Kenmore Square.
- Take leftmost fork at second light onto Brookline Avenue.
- Follow Brookline Avenue approximately 1 mile and through a major intersection (Beth Israel Hospital will be on the left). Watch for blue and white Longwood Medical area signs.
- Take left on Longwood Avenue.There are a limited number of metered parking spaces available on Huntington Avenue in front of the HSPH.
- From West of Boston
- Take I-90 to exit 18. Follow Storrow Drive eastbound to Kenmore Square/Fenway exit.
- Follow directions above.
- Route 95 to Route 9 east.
- Turn left on Brookline Avenue after Brookline Village intersection.
- Turn right onto Longwood Avenue.
- At the end of Longwood, turn right onto Huntington Avenue.
- Google Maps
- The school is directly across from the Brigham Circle Green Line (E) stop on the MBTA.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). The Dean.
M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D.
Dr. Julio Frenk became dean of the Harvard School of Public Health on January 1, 2009. Dr. Frenk holds an MD from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and an MPH, MA (Sociology) and PhD from the University of Michigan.
Dr. Frenk was founding director of the Center for Public Health Research in Mexico’s Ministry of Health from 1984 to 1987, and from 1987 to 1992, founding director-general of the National Institute of Public Health in Mexico, guiding its emergence as one of the developing world’s most respected and innovative centers of education and research in public health.
At HSPH, he was a visiting professor from 1992 to 1993 and again from 2007 to 2008. He served from 1995 to 1998 as executive vice president of the Mexican Health Foundation and director of its Center for Health and the Economy. From 1998 to 2000, he served as executive director of evidence and information for policy at the World Health Organization (WHO).
As minister of health of Mexico from 2000 to 2006, Dr. Frenk pursued an ambitious agenda to reform the nation’s health system, with an emphasis on redressing social inequality and establishing a program of comprehensive national health insurance, known as Seguro Popular. After completing his term, Dr. Frenk served as a senior fellow in the global health program of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and as president of the Carso Health Institute in Mexico City. He is currently chair of the board of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington.
A member of the U.S. Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Medicine of Mexico, he has served on the editorial boards of more than a dozen publications, and has been associated with the faculties of the University of Michigan and several universities in Mexico.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Faculty.
Members of the Harvard School of Public Health faculty have received many honors and major academic and research awards, including:
- two Nobel Prizes,
- five MacArthur Awards,
- the National Medal of Science,
- the Charles Mott Prize,
- the American Public Health Association’s Sedgwick Memorial Medal,
- the Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award,
- Thailand’s Prince Mahidol Award, and
- the American Diabetes Association’s Outstanding Scientific Achievement Award
The School also employs approximately 645 research scientists, fellows, and associates, 77 instructors, 661 academic professional and technical staff, and 101 core school professional and administrative support staff.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Enrollment & Degrees.
|U.S.Citizens and Permanent Residents||689||65%|
|Master of Science (SM)||285|
|Master of Public Health (MPH)||330|
|Doctor of Science (SD)||275|
|Doctor of Public Health (DPH)||13|
|Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)*||164|
|Summer Clinical Effectiveness)||111|
|Summer Global Health||36|
|Term-time Public Health Professionals (Affiliates)||69|
|Doctor of Public Health (DPH)||11|
|Continuing Professional Education (CCPE)||1967**|
* Includes PhD students in Biological Sciences and Biostatistics enrolled through the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (GSAS)
** Includes attendees of all CCPE short-term courses and seminars
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Student Expenses.
Estimated Expenses 2010–2011
(9 Months, Individual, 42.5 credits*)
|Full-Time Resident Tuition||$37,230|
|University Health Services Fee||$1,166|
|BC/BS Health Insurance Fee||$1,788|
|Rent and Utilities||$10,017|
|Food and Personal Expenses||$6,574|
* An additional $8,769 of expenses is estimated for a family of two and an additional $12,199 for a family of three.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Departments & Degree Programs.
Department of Biostatistics
SM (42.5-credit, 60-credit, and 80-credit programs), PhD
Department of Environmental Health
Exposure, epidemiology, and risk: SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit programs, including 80-credit program in occupational hygiene), SD
Molecular and integrative physiological sciences: SD, PhD (through the Division of Biological Sciences)
Occupational health (including programs with Simmons College): MOH, SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit programs), SD, DPH
Department of Epidemiology
SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit programs), SD, DPH
Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases
PhD (through the Division of Biological Sciences)
Department of Global Health and Population
SM (80-credit program), SD, DPH
Department of Health Policy and Management
SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit programs),
Health care management (part-time, nonresidential): SM (42.5-credit program)
Health policy: SD, PhD (through university program)
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases
SD, PhD (through the Division of Biological Sciences)
Department of Nutrition
Nutritional biochemistry, nutritional epidemiology, public health nutrition: SD, DPH
PhD (through the Division of Biological Sciences)
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health (including joint programs with Simmons College)
SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit programs), SD, DPH
Health communication: SM (80-credit program), SD, DPH
Master of Public Health Program
Clinical effectiveness, global health, family and community health, health care management and policy, health and social behavior, law and public health, occupational and environmental health, quantitative methods: MPH
Joint JD-MPH (for Harvard law students only)
Definition of Terms
|DPH||Doctor of public health|
|MOH||Master of occupational health|
|MPH||Master of public health|
|PhD||Doctor of philosophy|
|SD||Doctor of science|
|SM||Master of science|
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Academics.
Victor G. DeGruttola, Chair
Professor of Biostatistics
Douglas W. Dockery, Chair
Professor of Environmental Epidemiology
Hans-Olov Adami, Chair
Professor of Epidemiology
Genetics and Complex Diseases
Gökhan Hotamisligil, Chair
James Stevens Simmons Professor of Genetics and Metabolism
Global Health and Population
David Bloom, Chair
Clarence James Gamble Professor of Economics and Demography
Health Policy and Management
Arnold M. Epstein, Chair
John H. Foster Professor of Health Policy and Management
Immunology and Infectious Diseases
Dyann Wirth, Chair
Richard Pearson Strong Professor of Infectious Disease
Walter C. Willett, Chair
Fredrick John Stare Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition
Society, Human Development, and Health
Ichiro Kawachi, Chair
Professor of Social Epidemiology
Master of Public Health Program
Murray Mittleman, Director
Associate Professor of Epidemiology
Assistant Dean for Professional Education
Doctor in Philosphy in Biological Sciences in Public Health
Marianne Wessling-Resnick, Director
Professor of Nutritional Biochemistry
Division of Biological Sciences
Laurie Glimcher, Director
Irene Heinz Given Professor of Immunology
Division of Policy Translation and Leadership Development
Robert J. Blendon, Director and Senior Associate Dean for Policy Translation and Leadership Development
Professor of Health Policy and Political Analysis
Robin Herman, Deputy Director and Assistant Dean for Research Communications
Director, The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Research Centers.
> School-wide Research Centers
Center for Health Communication
Jay A. Winsten, Frank Stanton Center Director and Associate Dean for Public and Community Affairs
Center for Health Decision Science
Sue J. Goldie, Director Roger Irving Lee Professor of Public Health
Stephen C. Resch, Deputy Director
718 Huntington Ave. 2nd Floor
Center for Public Health Practice
Gregory N. Connolly, Director
Stephen C. Resch, Deputy Director
Landmark East 3rd floor
François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights
Jennifer Leaning, Director and François-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights
Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
Lisa Berkman, Director and Thomas P. Cabot Professor of Public Policy and Epidemiology
9 Bow Street, Cambridge
Harvard Injury Control Research Center
(and the Harvard Youth Violence Prevention Center)
David Hemenway, Director and Professor of Health Policy
HSPH AIDS Initiative
Max Essex, Chairman and Mary Woodard Lasker Professor of Health Sciences
Richard Marlink, Senior Researcher and Executive Director; and
Bruce A. Beal, Robert Beal, and Alexander S. Beal Professor of the Practice of Public Health
> Department & Division Centers
Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research
Janet Andersen, Executive Director
Center for Children’s Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research
Joseph D. Brain, Director
Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics
Mark Lipsitch, Director
Center for Global Tobacco Control
Gregory N. Connolly, Director
Landmark East 3rd floor
Education and Research Center for Occupational Health and Safety
David C. Christiani, Director
Harvard Center for Risk Analysis
Joel Schwartz, Director
James Hammitt, Director
Landmark West 4th floor
Harvard Prevention Research Center on Nutrition and Physical Activity
Steven Gortmaker, Director
Harvard NIEHS Center for Environmental Health
Douglas Dockery, Director
HSPH Center for Public Health Preparedness
Elena Savoia, Interim Director
Landmark East 3rd floor
John B. Little Center for Radiation Sciences and Environmental Health
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Finances.
Fiscal Year 2010 Sources of Revenue
|Federal Sponsored Research||50.9%|
|Non-federal Sponsored Research||7.8%|
|Research Facility & Administrative Costs Recovery||12.7%|
|Gifts & Other Revenue||5.9%|
|Tuition & Executive Education||9.5%|
Fiscal Year 2010 Expenses
|Federal Sponsored Research||50.2%|
|Non-federal Sponsored Research||8.4%|
|Administration & Development||9.4%|
Fiscal Year 2010 Operating Expenses were $338 million.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Endowment Funds.
What Are Endowment Funds?
Although their specific uses vary, endowment funds have a common purpose: to support activities not just for one year, or even one generation, but in perpetuity. Harvard University follows investment and distribution policies that aim to sustain the value of the endowment in real dollar terms for future generations while providing a steady stream of support for current operations. The Harvard Management Company, a subsidiary of the University, manages the endowment assets of the Harvard School of Public Health.
Q. What is the value of the Harvard School of Public Health’s endowment?
A. At June 30, 2010, the market value of the Harvard School of Public Health’s endowment was $967 million, which represents 3.5% of Harvard University’s total endowment. The value of the endowment is affected by several factors each year, including investment returns, new gifts, funds distributed for operations, and use of endowment appreciation for specific approved purposes. The fiscal year 2010 return on underlying investment assets was 11.0%, while the average annual return on the endowment over the last 20 years has been 11.9%.
Q. How much income does the endowment generate each year for the School?
A. For the most recent fiscal year 2010, the operating income distribution to the School totaled $44 million and represented 13.2% of total revenue—a decline of $7 million from the prior year total of $51 million. Harvard’s distribution rate (i.e., the percentage of endowment that is withdrawn annually for operations) was 5.5% in fiscal year 2010. The distribution rate may differ significantly from the annual rate of return on the endowment, since the University strives to set a rate that maintains the endowment’s purchasing power while also enabling the pursuit of nearer term goals and opportunities.
Q. What effect has the recent decline in endowment value had on the School’s finances?
A. I In light of the extraordinary economic challenges over the past two years, the University made significant reductions in the amounts distributed from endowment funds in both fiscal year 2010 and 2011. Endowment income is not the primary source of funding for School activities, but it is a meaningful and important component of this support. While the School has focused on opportunities for more efficient and effective use of resources in an attempt to mitigate the impact of this decline, areas of the School most reliant on endowment income were challenged to compensate for this shortfall. This reduction particularly impacted the level of funding available for student financial aid and support for junior faculty members.
Q. What is the difference between restricted and unrestricted endowment funds?
A. Restricted funds are designated for specific purposes, such as professorships or scholarships, while unrestricted funds provide the flexibility to support areas of greatest need in the School, such as student financial assistance and support for junior faculty. The School has approximately 160 distinct endowment funds, with 71% of the endowment restricted for specific purposes, and 29% unrestricted and available for the Dean to direct to the most pressing and strategic priorities.
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Alumni.
Geographic Distribution for Top Ten Countries*
*Degree-holding alumni. Does not include fellows or others who have completed significant research or study at HSPH.
Alumni Council 2010-2011
Royce Moser, Jr., AB ’57, MD ’61, MPH ’65, President
Elsbeth Kalenderian, DDS, MPH ’89, President-Elect
Mark S. Clanton, MD, MPH ’90, Immediate Past President
Anthony Dias, MD, MPH ’04, Secretary
Marina Anderson, MD, MPH ’03
Rey de Castro, SD ’00
Teresa Chahine, SD ’10*
G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MD, MPH ’84
Sean Dunbar, SM ’08*
Sameh El-Saharty, MD, MPH ’91
Cecilia Gerard, SM ’09*
Chandak Ghosh, MD, MPH ’00
Maxine Whittaker, PhD, MPH ’86
HAA Appointed Directors
Mark S. Clanton, MD, MPH ’90
Carmon Davis, MD, MPH ’94
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Online Resources.
Office of the Dean
News at HSPH
Harvard Public Health Review (magazine)
HSPH Multimedia (webcasts and podcasts about HSPH)
The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health
Center for Global Tobacco Control
Healthy Eating (The Nutrition Source)
HSPH Global Research Map
Kids and Obesity (Prevention Research Center)
World Health News
HSPH iPhone Application
available on the Apple Store site
HSPH Android Mobile Application
available on Android Market
* The above information is adapted from materials provided by Harvard University