World Food Day 2011. World Food Day, 16 October 2011. Overview.
World Food Day 2011
16 October 2011
> World Food Day 2011. About.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations celebrates World Food Day each year on 16 October, the day on which the Organization was founded in 1945.
The objectives of World Food Day are to:
- encourage attention to agricultural food production and to stimulate national, bilateral, multilateral and non-governmental efforts to this end;
- encourage economic and technical cooperation among developing countries;
- encourage the participation of rural people, particularly women and the least privileged categories, in decisions and activities influencing their living conditions;
- heighten public awareness of the problem of hunger in the world;
- promote the transfer of technologies to the developing world; and
- strengthen international and national solidarity in the struggle against hunger, malnutrition and poverty and draw attention to achievements in food and agricultural development.
> World Food Day 2011. FAO Director-General’s Message on the World Food Day/TeleFood 2011 theme,
“Food prices: from crisis to stability”
“Food prices – from crisis to stability” has been chosen as this year’s World Food Day theme to shed some light on a trend that is hurting the poor consumer, the small producer and agriculture in general. Food prices, which were stable for decades, have become increasingly volatile.
If we are to seriously address the issue of world hunger, more effort has to be made to address the problem of food price fluctuations, particularly for those who spend most of their incomes on food, to ensure that they can return from the market with enough for their families to eat nutritiously.
The causes of food price instability are well known. However, counteracting this instability requires political will.
The global food market is tight, with supply struggling to keep pace with demand and stocks are at or near historical lows. Droughts or floods hitting key producing regions squeeze prices further. Agriculture cannot respond fast enough with increased food production because of long-term under-investment in research, technology, equipment and infrastructure.
Increased wealth means many people worldwide are eating more meat and dairy products, driving up the price of animal feed. Eighty million people are born every year, creating more demand for food.
A further contributing factor may be the recent entry of institutional investors with large sums of money into food commodity futures markets. In addition, distorting agricultural and protectionist trade policies bear a significant part of the blame.
At the level of net food-importing countries, price rises can hurt poor countries by making it much more expensive for them to import food for their people. Farmers are also affected because they badly need to know, months away, the price their crops will fetch at harvest time. If high prices are likely, they plant more. If low prices are forecast, they plant less and cut costs. Rapid price swings make that calculation much more difficult.
Greater policy coordination in international food trade can reduce volatility by helping maintain an assured flow of goods. FAO supports the elimination of trade-distorting agricultural subsidies in rich countries.
On speculation, FAO’s research suggests that while this might not trigger price movements, it could exaggerate their size and duration. More and better information is needed to allow greater transparency in trade on futures markets. This would help ensure that governments and traders make informed decisions and avoid panic or irrational reactions.
As to mitigating the effects of volatility on the poor, national or regional safety nets, possibly featuring emergency food reserves, can help assure food supplies to the needy during crises. Poor consumers can also be assisted with cash or food vouchers and farmers helped with inputs such as fertilizer and seeds.
Various financial mechanisms can help governments protect consumers from food price increases. One example is call options, which would give governments the right to buy food at a set price even months ahead, regardless of how the market has moved in the meantime.
Ultimately though, stability in the food market depends on increased investment in agriculture, particularly in developing countries, where 98 percent of the hungry live and where food production needs to double by 2050 to feed growing populations.
On World Food Day 2011, let us reflect seriously at what causes swings in food prices, and articulate alternatives on what needs to be done at national, regional and global levels to reduce the impact on almost a billion people who do not have enough to eat.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
> World Food Day 2011. UN Secretary-General’s message.
IN WORLD FOOD DAY MESSAGE, SECRETARY-GENERAL CALLS ON RICH, POOR COUNTRIES ALIKE
TO INVEST ENERGY, RESOURCES NECESSARY TO WIN BATTLE AGAINST HUNGER
Today, in the Horn of Africa, more than 13 million people are affected by one of the region’s worst droughts in 60 years. Famine grips swathes of southern Somalia. Yet, drought does not need to become famine — nor should it ever be allowed to, either through system failure or through the kind of deliberate deprivation we are seeing in areas controlled by Al-Shabaab.
The hunger in the Horn of Africa is but a fraction of a needless global menace. There is more than enough food on the planet to feed everyone, yet today nearly 1 billion people will go hungry. I urge world leaders in rich and poor countries alike to invest the energy and resources necessary to win the battle against hunger — a key pillar of our efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. Lasting solutions must cover the full spectrum of food security – from improving the resilience of smallholder farmers to deploying safety net programmes that help protect the most vulnerable.
This year’s World Food Day highlights the issue of price volatility. For the world’s poorest people, many of whom spend up to 80 per cent of their income on food, this can be devastating. In 2007-2008, food price inflation pushed some 80 million people into hunger. Recent food price hikes have propelled another 70 million people into extreme poverty.
We need to break the links between poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition. Families impoverished by price volatility risk seeing their babies’ minds and bodies permanently damaged by malnutrition; their children being taken out of school and put to work, and their income-producing livestock slaughtered for food. The answer is to put in place policies, like those advocated by the Scale Up Nutrition movement, to ensure all people have access to sufficient nutrition.
This month the world’s population will top 7 billion people. The world has the knowledge and the resources to end hunger; we have the tools to ensure that the poorest are buffered from the impact of rising prices. Let us use them — now — to conquer hunger.
> World Food Day 2011. World Food Week/World Food Day 2011 Events.
|Thursday, 13 October||Press Conference to launch the
6th Edition of the Run for Food Race
|Friday, 14 October||US Mission to the UN Agencies in Rome
8th Annual George McGovern WFD Lecture by Roger Thurow
|Friday, 14 October||FAO Crisis Management Centre – Animal Health
5th Anniversary Event
|Friday, 14 October||International Catholic Rural Association (ICRA) Roman Forum
on World Food Day theme
|Sunday, 16 October||World Food Day
6th Edition of the Run for Food Race and
FAO Staff Coop Cultural Show and “Food Fair”
|Stadium (Terme di Caracalla)||10.00|
|Monday, 17 October to
Tuesday, 18 October
|United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS) Meeting||Mexico Room/Lebanon Room||8.30|
|Monday, 17 October||Launching of the World Food Week Exhibition by Alliance against Hunger and Malnutrition (AAHM) with focus on the Save Food Exhibition||Atrium||09.00|
|World Food Day Ceremony||Plenary Hall||09.30|
|NGO/CSO Forum on World Food Day||Lebanon Room||12.30|
|Opening of Committee on World Food Security
(CFS) – 37th Session
|Roma InConTra event with the participation of the
Heads of Rome Based Agencies with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Mayor of Rome
|Ara Pacis, Romel||17.00|
|World Food Day Concert by the Orchestra Sinfonica di Roma with Maestro Francesco La Vecchia||Auditorium Conciliazione||20.30|
|Tuesday, 18 October||Private Sector Forum||Austria Room||12.30|
|Tuesday, 18 October||Unveiling of the Freedom from Rinderpest Monument||Ministry of Health, EUR, Rome||12.30|
|Signing ceremony between
United States Peace Corps-FAO-World Food Programme
|Seminar on “Save food”||Iran Room||10.00|
|Closing Session of Committee on World Food Security (CFS)||Plenary Hall||09.30|
|Monday, 24 October||Conference on “The Sustainability of the Food Systems and Diets For Stability” in collaboration with Federalimentare, with the art exhibition “Responsible Art for Food”, in collaboration with Istituto Archivi Legali Amedeo Modigliani||Green Room
and Flag Room
|United Nations Women’s Guild World Food Day
Poster Competition Awarding Ceremony
|Thursday, 27 October||World Food Day Special Ceremony at the United Nations Headquarters||New York||13.00|
>> FAO/Italy: history in the making
On 16 October 1945, at Château Frontenac in Quebec City, Canada, representatives from 34 countries signed the Constitution of FAO, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
The first official Conference for the new body was held on 16 October, 1945 in Quebec City, Canada. The Conference translated the general principles stated at Hot Springs into Recommendations for action by member nations. The first Director-General was also elected. This was Sir John Boyd Orr, a Scot who held the post from 1945 to 1948. In 1949, Orr was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his humanitarian work.
In the introduction to the founding document of the new Organization, the member countries undertook to:
– increase the nutritional levels and living standards of their populations;
– improve the efficiency of the production and distribution of all agricultural and food products;
– improve the living conditions of rural communities;
– contribute to the expansion of the global economy and ensure that humanity is free from hunger.
>> FAO’s move to Italy
The headquarters of the new Organization was provisionally established in Washington DC, but at the V Session of the General Conference, in 1949, Member States decided that many aspects of its mandate coincided with those of IIA, and with a majority vote they opted to move the offices to Rome. IIA officially ceased to exist on 27 February, 1948, and FAO took over its structure, operations and staff.
In February 1951, FAO, headed by Norris E. Dodd from USA, officially moved its headquarters to the Terme di Caracalla, in a building previously intended for the Ministry of Italian Colonies in East Africa.
At the time, the Organization had a staff of about 580 people, but in the beginning, fewer that a half of these were transferred to Italy. In February 1951, two Italian ships – Saturnia and Vulcania – set sail with the first 76 employees and their families for Rome.
Since then, the number of people working for FAO has risen to 2,139 in Rome alone.
Video on the 60th Anniversary of FAO’s transfer
from Washington DC, USA, to Rome, Italy
> World Food Day 2011. Run for Food.
Video on the 6th Edition of the Run for Food
Run for Food Race
RUN FOR FOOD race – Stadium Terme di Caracalla, Rome
The funds collected through the Run for Food race 2010 were donated to the “Fruit trees for Haiti” project. This project is designed to bring attention to the desperate need for tree-planting in Haiti (country devastated by the earthquake on 12 January 2010). Once mature, fruit trees also provide additional nutrition for poor children. FAO Goodwill Ambassador and Olympic track legend Carl Lewis visited the “Fruit trees for Haiti” project in June 2011 and planted trees with schoolchildren in Haiti.
“Run for Food Race against Hunger Project”
6th Edition in Rome
Sunday, 16 October 2011 – 10.00 hours
Stadium delle Terme di Caracalla
The 6th Edition of the Run for Food race will be organized by the Athletic Association Bancari Romani (GSBR) in partnership with The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the World Food Programme (WFP), Bioversity International, FAO Staff Coop, with the support of the Municipality of Rome, the sponsorship of Youth and United Natons Global Alliance (YUNGA) and United Nations Federal Credit Union (UNFCU). The race has the Patronage of Rome Province and with the participation of the partners such as United Nations Women’s Guilt (UNWG), the Department of “Scienze Documentarie, Liguistico-filologiche e geografiche della Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia”, of the Sapienza Univerity of Rome, John Cabot University, Liceo Manara “Associazione Italiana Insegnanti di Geografia (AIIG)”, “Società Geografica Italiana”, “Centro Turistico Stdentesco (CTS)”.
As in previous years, this race will take place in the framework of the World Food Day and this year the theme is “Food Prices-from crisis to stability”.
The objectives of World Food Day are to:
- to raise public awareness
- focus attention on food security
- disseminate information
- mobilize public opinion and funds in favor of the global fight against hunger
There are now almost 1 billion malnourished people in the world, meaning that almost one sixth of all humanity is suffering from hunger. With all the advances in science and technology, the world has the means to eliminate hunger but this will require the firm commitment of all sectors of society. The power of the sport can contribute to mobilize public opinion and resources towards the eradication of hunger.
Working together FAO, IFAD, WFP, Bioversity International and the FAO Staff Coop together with Comune di Roma, GSBR and their partners, are joining forces to battle hunger and extreme poverty.
Aims of the 6th Edition of the Run for Food
1) Awareness raising on the fact that hundreds of millions of people worldwide don’t get enough to eat each day and for them.
2) Fund raising: the inscription fees of the race will be donated to the FAO TeleFood projects in the Horn of Africa.
FAO launched the TeleFood Programme in 1997 after the first World Food Summit as an annual campaign of awareness-raising events (broadcasts, concerts, sports) and other activities to harness the power of media, celebrities and concerned citizens to help fight hunger. For example, the Run for Food had important testimonials such as FAO Goodwill Ambassadors Gina Lollobrigida, Beatrice Faumuina, Justine Pasek, Carl Lewis, Raoul Bova, Anggun, WFP Goodwill Ambassador, Maria Grazia Cucinotta and other celebrities such as Fiona May, Nino Benvenuti and Andrew Howe.
Donations to TeleFood finance small, self-contained agriculture, livestock and fisheries projects that help poor families produce more food; not a penny is spent on administrative costs. Although small in scale and cost, TeleFood projects make a significant impact.
For more information: http://www.fao.org/getinvolved/telefood/en/
When and where: Sunday, 16 October 2011 inside the Stadium (Terme di Caracalla) open from 8.00 hours with a Food Fair and Cultural activities by the FAO Staff Coop. Race starts at 10.00 hours from Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Roma.
Distance: 10 kilometres competitive race and 5 kilometres non-competitive race.
Race: Competitive for those with a valid FIDAL card
> World Food Day 2011. Schools.
YOUTH AND THE RUN FOR FOOD RACE
All young people love sports. Exercise helps develop a strong body and a balanced mind. We burn a lot of energy when we run, swim, or play. The Run for Food Race wants to draw people’s attention to the fact that many, way too many people not only don’t have enough energy to do some exercise, but also they don’t have even the minimum energy to survive! They are poor people living mainly in developing countries, they don’t have enough to eat nor enough money to feed themselves, and often they are children and young people just like you. This situation is not acceptable and something has to be done! If you are young and energetic and if you want to send a message to those who don’t know yet that almost 1 BILLION people are in this situation, participate in the Run for Food Race which will take place in Rome on October 16, 2011 and take the opportunity to spread the message. Get ready and discover why your participation to this event is so important!
Also, the money raised from the race will be donated to small-scale projects aimed at helping the populations in the Horn of Africa hit by drought and famine.
Make this event an occasion to learn and discover something new! Don’t just go and run… everybody could do that, but not everybody knows what is really going on behind the scenes! Below are some useful resources that you should definitely check out.
THE RIGHT TO FOOD is a rather complicated issue, but comics can help understand it, especially when they are “illustrated by young people for young people”. Download the comics in PDF format at www.fao.org/docrep/010/a1300e/a1300e00.htm
The website includes a traditional folktale on food and altruism – “The Stone Soup”:documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/webcontent/wfp202398.pdf. Teachers are encouraged to try more classroom activities herewww.wfp.org/students-and-teachers/teachers/classroom-activities
> World Food Day 2011. History.
World Food Day was established by FAO’s Member Countries at the Organization’s Twentieth General Conference in November 1979. The date chosen – 16 October – is the anniversary of FAO.
>> Resolutions on World Food Day
- FAO General Conferences Resolutions
- Resolution 1/79
- Resolution 7/81
- Resolution 5/83
- Resolution 2/87
- Resolution 4/93
- Resolution 1/95
- Resolution 3/97
- United Nations General Assembly Resolution 35/70
- The Fiftieth Anniversary Declaration on Food and Agriculture
- A Declaration On the FAO’s 60th Anniversary - Ensuring Humanity’s Freedom from Hunger
>> Archive of WFD Web sites
- 2010 – United against Hunger (About, Director-General’s Message, Address by the Director-General, UN Secretary-General’s Message, Events calendar, Run for Food,Multimedia, Press/Publicity)
- 2009 – Achieving Food Security in Times of Crisis (About, Director-General’s Message,Address by the Director-General, UN Secretary-General’s Message, Events calendar, Run for Food, Multimedia, Press/Publicity)
- 2008 – World Food Security: the Challenges of Climate Change and Bioenergy (About,Director-General’s message, UN Secretary-General’s message, Events calendar,Multimedia)
- 2007 – The Right to Food (view poster)
- 2006 – Investing in agriculture for food security (view poster)
- 2005 – Agriculture and intercultural dialogue (view poster)
- 2004 – Biodiversity for Food Security (view poster)
- 2003 – Working together for an International Alliance Against Hunger (view poster)
- 2002 – Water: source of Food Security (view poster)
- 2001 – Fight Hunger to Reduce Poverty (view poster)
- 2000 – A Millennium Free from Hunger (view poster)
- 1999 – Youth Against Hunger (view poster)
- 1998 – Women Feed the World (view poster)
- 1997 – Investing in Food Security (view poster)
- 1996 – Fighting Hunger and Malnutrition (view poster)
- 1995 – Food for All (view poster)
- 1994 – Water for Life (view poster)
- 1993 – Harvesting Nature’s Diversity (view poster)
- 1992 – Food and Nutrition (view poster)
- 1991 – Trees for Life – (view poster)
- 1990 – Food for the Future (view poster)
- 1989 – Food and the Environment (view poster)
- 1988 – Rural Youth (view posters)
- 1987 – Small Farmers (view poster)
- 1986 – Fishermen and Fishing Communities (view poster)
- 1985 – Rural Poverty (view poster)
- 1984 – Women in Agriculture (view poster)
- 1983 – Food Security (view poster)
- 1982 – Food Comes First (view poster)
- 1981 – Food Comes First (view poster)