About Stanford University. Overview.
Sections for Stanford University
- About Stanford University.
- About Stanford University. Overview.
- Paul F. Glenn Laboratories for the Biology of Aging at Stanford University.
Stanford University. Overview.
Located between San Francisco and San Jose in the heart of Silicon Valley, Stanford University is recognized as one of the world’s leading research and teaching institutions.
Leland and Jane Stanford founded the University to “promote the public welfare by exercising an influence on behalf of humanity and civilization.” Stanford opened its doors in 1891, and more than a century later, it remains dedicated to finding solutions to the great challenges of the day and to preparing our students for leadership in today’s complex world.
> About Stanford University.Greetings from President Hennessy.
“Thank you for your interest in Stanford University. As its 10th president and a faculty member since 1977, I think Stanford is a very special place.
Stanford is recognized as one of the world’s leading universities. Established more than a century ago by founders Jane and Leland Stanford, the university was designed, as clearly stated in the Founding Grant, to prepare students “for personal success and direct usefulness in life” and “promote the public welfare by exercising an influence on behalf of humanity and civilization.” Today Stanford University remains dedicated to finding solutions to the great challenges of the day and to preparing our students to become the next generation of leaders.
Our students have opportunities to participate in a remarkable range of activities: from academic courses taught by renowned professors and opportunities for research, independent study and public service to an extraordinary breadth of extracurricular activities.
Multidisciplinary research and teaching are at the heart of recent university-wide initiatives on human health, the environment and sustainability, international affairs and the arts. These initiatives offer our faculty and students opportunities for collaboration across disciplines that will be key to future advances.
Our undergraduate students are an important part of these efforts. Stanford undergraduates have opportunities to study with faculty in small classes from their first days on campus, participate in study abroad or spend a quarter in Washington, D.C. Many students become involved in faculty research or develop their own projects and discover the excitement of being at the edge of a field and advancing the frontier of knowledge.
The pioneering spirit that inspired Jane and Leland Stanford to establish this university more than a century ago encourages boldness in everything we do — whether those efforts occur in the library, in the classroom, in a laboratory, in a theater or on an athletic field.
We hope that you, too, find your place at Stanford.”
>> Visitor Information Services
The Visitor Information Services (VIS) center is located at 295 Galvez St. Visitors may obtain maps and information at this location. VIS provides one-hour campus walking tours free to the public each day at 11 a.m. and 3:15 p.m. — except during the winter break and on some holidays — starting at the Visitor Center. Walking tours for groups of 10 or more may be arranged by calling (650) 725-3335 at least one month in advance. VIS also offers golf-cart tours each day at 1 p.m. except during finals, the first week of class and academic breaks. These tours are $5 per person, and reservations can be made online. Call VIS at (650) 723-2560. Visitors interested in undergraduate admission or tours for prospective students are encouraged to contact the Office of Undergraduate Admission at (650) 723-2091.
>> Points of Interest
Thomas Welton Stanford Art Gallery
The Thomas Welton Stanford Art Gallery, part of the Department of Art & Art History, houses studio art classrooms and offers a rotating exhibit program. During exhibitions, it is open Tuesday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., and weekends, 1 to 5 p.m. Call (650) 723-2842.
This 285-foot landmark, dedicated in 1941, offers views of campus, the foothills and the Santa Clara Valley. The observation deck is open daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and closed during finals, the first week of class, some holidays and academic breaks. The observation deck houses a carillon of 48 bells, the largest weighing 2.5 tons. The charge is $2 for general admission and $1 for seniors and children. Stanford faculty, students and staff are admitted free with a Stanford ID, along with their family members. Call (650) 723-2053.
Herbert Hoover Memorial Exhibit Pavilion
The Pavilion, located next to Hoover Tower, has changing exhibits. Posters, photos and videos from the Hoover Institution Archives document aspects of modern history. The Pavilion is open free to the public Tuesday through Saturday, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m., except during exhibit installation and holidays. Call (650) 723-3563.
Stanford Memorial Church
The dominant architectural feature of the Main Quadrangle, Memorial Church was dedicated in 1903 in memory of Leland Stanford and has been non-sectarian since its inception. One especially striking feature of the church is the brilliant mosaics covering the interior walls and depicting scenes from the Hebrew Bible. The stained glass windows depict scenes from the New Testament. The church features some 20,000 shades of color in the tile mosaics, 34 shades of pink alone in the cheeks of the four angels in the dome. Memorial Church features four organs, including the Fisk-Nanney organ, which has 73 ranks and 4,332 pipes. The church is open weekdays from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Docent tours are offered every Friday at 2 p.m. and the last Sunday of each month at 11:15 a.m. Special tours can be set up for groups. Call (650) 723-3469.
Docent-led tours of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Hanna House can be scheduled online. Tours are held on the first and third Sundays of the month and the second and fourth Saturdays. Reservations are required. Admission is $10 per person. Pets and children under 12 are not permitted, and visitors must wear softsoled shoes. Disabled access is limited.
The 150-foot diameter radio telescope, located in the academic reserve in the Stanford foothills, is a popular destination for about 500,000 hikers annually. Known simply as “the Dish,” it was constructed in the 1960s to probe the scattering properties of the Earth’s ionosphere. It weighs 300,000 pounds and is owned and maintained by SRI International. Access to the four miles of service roads for public recreation is limited to daylight hours, and dogs are prohibited.
Rosenberg Athletic Hall of Fame Room
The Sydney and Theodore Rosenberg Athletic Hall of Fame Room in the Arrillaga Family Sports Center honors Stanford’s athletes. Trophies, pictures and memorabilia dating from the university’s founding are on display. The Hall of Fame Room is open weekdays and before home football games. Admission is free.
Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve
Docent-led tours are given at the Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve. Priority is given to groups aligned with the preserve’s mission “to contribute to the understanding of the Earth’s natural systems.” The preserve, located near the Stanford campus, is a 1,189-acre natural laboratory. Children under 14 are not permitted. Two-hour walking tours must be scheduled by calling (650) 851-6813.
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory operated by Stanford. Members of the public who register in advance can tour the laboratory. Tours are about 1.5 hours and include a visit to the lab’s 2-mile-long linear accelerator.
> About Stanford University. The Founding of the University.
>> The Founding of Stanford University.
On Oct. 1, 1891, Stanford University opened its doors after six years of planning and building. In the early morning hours, construction workers were still preparing the Inner Quadrangle for the ceremonies. The great arch at the western end had been backed with panels of red and white cloth to form an alcove where dignitaries would sit.
The 2,000 seats set up in the three-acre Quad soon proved insufficient for the growing crowd. By midmorning, people were streaming across fields on foot. At half past 10, the special train from San Francisco arrived on the temporary spur that had been used during construction. As a faculty member recalled, “Hope was in every heart, and the presiding spirit of freedom prompted us to dare greatly.”
Jane and Leland Stanford established the university in memory of their only child, Leland Jr., who died of typhoid fever at 15. Within weeks of his 1884 death, the Stanfords determined that, because they no longer could do anything for their own child, they would use their wealth to do something for “other people’s” children.
They settled on creating a great university, one that, from the outset, was untraditional: coeducational in a time when most private universities were all-male; nondenominational when most were associated with a religious organization; and avowedly practical, producing “cultured and useful citizens” when most were concerned only with the former.
Leland Stanford devoted to the university the fortune he had amassed, first by supplying provisions to the ’49ers mining for California gold and later as one of the “Big Four,” whose Central Pacific Railroad laid tracks eastward to meet the Union Pacific and complete the transcontinental railway. Included in the grant to the new university was the Stanfords’ more than 8,000-acre Palo Alto Stock Farm for the breeding and training of trotting horses and thoroughbred stock, 35 miles south of the family’s San Francisco residence. The campus still carries the nickname “the Farm.”
Under the direction of Frederick Law Olmsted, the famed landscape architect who created New York’s Central Park, and Charles Allerton Coolidge, a 28-year-old who designed the buildings, the farm’s open fields became the site of arcades and quadrangles. In a 1913 letter, Stanford’s first president, David Starr Jordan, wrote: “The yellow sandstone arches and cloisters, the ‘red-tiled roofs against the azure sky,’ make a picture that can never be forgotten, itself an integral part of a Stanford education.”
On the university’s opening day, Jordan said to Stanford’s Pioneer Class: “It is for us as teachers and students in the university’s first year to lay the foundations of a school which may last as long as human civilization. … It is hallowed by no traditions; it is hampered by none. Its finger posts all point forward.”
>> University Motto
“Die Luft der Freiheit weht” is Stanford’s unofficial motto and translates as “the wind of freedom blows.” The phrase is a quote from Ulrich von Hutten, a 16th-century humanist. Stanford’s first president, David Starr Jordan, embraced the questioning, critical spirit of von Hutten’s words and included them on his presidential seal. Gerhard Casper, president of Stanford from 1992 to 2000, adopted the motto as the basis of his inaugural address and encouraged its widespread use across the campus. The motto has been incorporated into the university seal, depicted in the sidebar on the right.
> About Stanford University. Stanford University Through the Years.
> Stanford University Through the Years.
|1824||March 9||Leland Stanford born|
|1828||Aug. 25||Jane Lathrop Stanford born|
|1861||Sept. 4||Leland Stanford elected governor of California|
|1868||May 14||Leland Stanford Jr. born|
|1869||May 10||Leland Stanford drives Gold Spike at Promontory, Utah, for the first transcontinental railroad|
|1884||March 13||Leland Stanford Jr. dies at age 15|
|1885||Jan. 28||Leland Stanford elected U.S. senator from California|
|Nov. 11||Founding Grant of the university executed|
|1887||May 14||Cornerstone of the university laid|
|1891||March 22||David Starr Jordan accepts Leland Stanford’s offer to become the university’s first president|
|May 14||Cornerstone of the museum laid|
|Oct. 1||Opening Day of the university; 555 students registered the first year|
|1892||March 19||First Big Game with Cal|
|June 27||Hopkins Marine Station established on Monterey Bay|
|1893||June 21||Leland Stanford dies|
|1894||May 30||First Ph.D. awarded|
|1895||May 29||Pioneer Class graduates, including Herbert Hoover|
|1896||April 4||First women’s intercollegiate basketball game|
|1899||May 31||Amendment to Founding Grant limits number of women students to 500|
|1903||Jan. 25||Memorial Church dedicated|
|1905||Feb. 28||Jane Lathrop Stanford dies|
|1906||April 18||Great San Francisco Earthquake causes extensive damage|
|1908||Oct. 30||Cooper Medical College transferred to Stanford|
|Dec. 18||School of Law organized|
|1913||May 23||School of Medicine organized|
|Aug. 1||John Casper Branner takes office as second president|
|1916||Jan. 1||Ray Lyman Wilbur takes office as third president|
|1917||April 27||School of Education organized|
|Thomas Welton Art Gallery completed|
|1919||June 20||Hoover War Collection (now Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace) established|
|July 14||Main Library opens|
|1921||May 23||Honor Code adopted|
|1925||May 15||School of Engineering organized|
|Sept. 30||Graduate Business School opens|
|1930||Jan. 1||First round of golf at the Stanford Golf Course|
|1933||May 11||Board of Trustees resolution allows for enrollment of more than 500 women students|
|1937||Frank Lloyd Wright’s Hanna House constructed|
|1941||June 16-20||University’s 50th anniversary celebrated and Hoover Tower dedicated|
|1943||Sept. 1||Donald B. Tresidder takes office as fourth president|
|1946||Creative Writing Program founded by Wallace Stegner|
|1947||Jan. 6||First broadcast of campus radio station KSU (later KZSU)|
|School of Mineral Sciences (now Earth Sciences) organized|
|1948||Sept. 1||Schools of Biological Sciences, Humanities and Physical Sciences and Social Sciences merged into School of Humanities and Sciences|
|1949||April 1||Wallace Sterling takes office as fifth president|
|1951||Oct. 1||First research park lease signed with Varian Associates|
|1952||April 1||Biology Professor Douglas Whitaker becomes first provost|
|Nov. 6||Physics Professor Felix Bloch becomes Stanford’s first Nobel laureate|
|1958||June 24||First overseas campus opened near Stuttgart, Germany|
|1959||August||Planning begins for the radio telescope called “the Dish”|
|Sept. 17||School of Medicine building dedicated|
|1965||Jan. 1||Computer Science Department founded|
|1967||Sept. 9||Stanford Linear Accelerator Center dedicated, now called the SLAC National Accelerator Center|
|1968||Sept. 12||Inaugural session, Senate of the Academic Council|
|Dec. 1||Kenneth Pitzer takes office as sixth president|
|1970||Sept. 24||Richard Lyman takes office as seventh president|
|1973||Jan. 9||University trustees designate Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve|
|1974||Feb. 11||B. Gerald Cantor donates his collection of Rodin sculptures|
|1980||Aug. 1||Donald Kennedy takes office as eighth president|
|1985||Rodin Garden established next to museum|
|1989||Oct. 17||Loma Prieta earthquake causes extensive damage|
|1991||Oct. 1||University celebrates centennial of its opening|
|1992||Sept. 1||Gerhard Casper takes office as ninth president|
|1996||May||Stanford Graduate Fellowships program announced|
|1997||Sept. 25||Stanford Introductory Seminars launched|
|1998||September||Stanford Alumni Association integrated into the university|
|September||Science and Engineering Quadrangle opens|
|1999||January||The Leland Stanford Jr. Museum reopens as part of the Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts|
|August||Green Library West reopens as Bing Wing|
|2000||May 2||The foothills surrounding “the Dish” become a habitat conservation area|
|Oct. 20||John Hennessy is inaugurated as Stanford’s10th president|
|2001||May 2||The Hewlett Foundation’s $400 million gift is the largest in university history|
|2003||Oct. 17||The James H. Clark Center is dedicated|
|2005||Dec. 31||Campaign for Undergraduate Education raises more than $1 billion|
|2006||Oct. 10||$4.3 billion Stanford Challenge fundraising campaign announced|
|2008||March 4||Jerry Yang and Akiko Yamazaki Environment and Energy Building dedicated|
|2009||Jan. 12||Precourt Institute for Energy established|
|2010||New buildings include the John A. and Cynthia Fry Gunn Building, the Hasso Plattner Institute of Design, Center for the Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Li Ka Shing Center for Learning and Knowledge, the Jen-Hsun Huang Engineering Center and the Lorry I. Lokey Stem Cell Research Building.|
|1891-1913||David Starr Jordan|
|1913-1915||John Casper Branner|
|1916-1943||Ray Lyman Wilbur1|
|1943-1948||Donald B. Tresidder2|
|1949-1968||J. E. Wallace Sterling3|
|1968-1970||Kenneth S. Pitzer|
|1970-1980||Richard W. Lyman|
1 Roberto Eccles Swain served as acting president from 1929-1933.
2 Alvin Eurich served as acting president between Tresidder and Sterling.
3 Robert J. Glaser served as acting president between Sterling and Pitzer.
|1952-1955||Douglas M. Whitaker|
|1955-1965||Frederick E. Terman|
|1967-1970||Richard W. Lyman|
|1971-1978||William F. Miller|
|1980-1984||Albert M. Hastorf|
|1984-1992||James N. Rosse|
|1999-2000||John L. Hennessy|
|2000-||John W. Etchemendy|
|Undergraduate Students||Graduate Students||Academic Council*|
|* Includes tenure-line faculty, non-tenure-line faculty and senior fellows at specified policy centers and institutes. Academic staff–teaching, center fellows and Medical Center-line faculty are not members of the Academic Council.|
> About Stanford University. Undergraduate Admission and Financial Aid.
>> Undergraduate Admission and Financial Aid.
Students who derive pleasure from learning for its own sake thrive at Stanford. We look for distinctive students who exhibit energy, curiosity and a love of learning in their classes and lives. Academic excellence is the primary criterion for admission, and the most important credential is the transcript. Stanford recommends that prospective students take a minimum of four years of English, four years of mathematics, three years of laboratory science, three years of the same foreign language and three years of history or social studies. We seek outstanding students who have selected a rigorous academic program and achieved distinction in a range of courses.
With many more highly qualified applicants than places available, we also take into consideration personal qualities—we want to know how students have taken advantage of available resources and their promise for contributing to the campus community and the world beyond Stanford. To this end, the admission committee carefully and thoroughly reads and evaluates all parts of each application paying close attention to individual strengths and exceptional abilities.
Stanford is committed to a need-blind admission policy for U.S. citizens and permanent residents—admitting qualified students without regard to their ability to pay—and to providing a comprehensive financial aid program for all admitted students who have computed need as determined by the university and who meet other requisite conditions for financial aid. In recent years, financial aid has been provided to more than 75 percent of undergraduate students from a variety of internal and external sources.
The application deadline for Stanford’s Restrictive Early Action process is Nov. 1, and the application deadline for the Regular Decision process is Jan. 1. For more information about application policies and procedures, visit admission.stanford.edu or call the Office of Undergraduate Admission at (650) 723-2091.
>> The Undergraduate Program
The objective of Stanford University, Jane and Leland Stanford wrote in their Founding Grant in 1885, is “to qualify its students for personal success, and direct usefulness in life; And its purposes, to promote the public welfare by exercising an influence in behalf of humanity and civilization, teaching the blessings of liberty regulated by law, and inculcating love and reverence for the great principles of government as derived from the inalienable rights of man to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
With an approximate 6.2 to 1 student-to-faculty ratio, Stanford emphasizes close interaction with faculty. Stanford offers three undergraduate degrees – Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Sciences (B.S.), and Bachelor of Arts and Sciences (B.A.S.) – each designed to achieve balance between depth of knowledge acquired through specialization and breadth of knowledge gained through exploration. Undergraduates complete at least 180 units, including requirements for the major, writing and rhetoric requirements, one year of a foreign language and courses in the following areas:
- Introduction to the Humanities: One course each quarter of the freshman year
- Disciplinary Breadth: Five courses required, at least one in engineering and applied sciences, humanities, mathematics, natural sciences and social sciences
- Education for Citizenship: Two courses in at least two of the following subject areas—ethical reasoning, the global community, American cultures and gender studies
Of the seven schools at Stanford, three award undergraduate degrees: Humanities and Sciences, Earth Sciences and Engineering. Students who wish to pursue in depth more than one field may double major—that is, complete the requirements for majors in two fields—or minor in a second field. Students also can pursue an individually designed major. Visit http://ual.stanford.edu/
>> Major Fields of Undergraduate Study
- African and African American Studies
- American Studies
- Art History
- Film and Media Studies
- Studio Art
- Ancient History
- Classical Studies
- Greek and Latin
- Comparative Literature
- Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity
- Asian American Studies
- Chicano Studies
- Native American Studies
- Earth Sciences
- Earth Systems
- Energy Resource Engineering
- Geological & Environmental Sciences
- East Asian Studies
- Aeronautics and Astronautics
- Architectural Design
- Biomedical Computation
- Computer Science
- Computer Systems Engineering
- Engineering Physics
- Management Science and Engineering
- Materials Science
- Product Design
- Feminist Studies
- German Studies
- Human Biology
- Iberian and Latin American Cultures
- International Relations
- Mathematical & Computational Science
- Political Science
- Public Policy
- Religious Studies
- Science, Technology and Society
- Slavic Languages and Literatures
- Symbolic Systems
- Urban Studies
- Individually designed majors
Stanford’s academic program prioritizes engaging students in serious critical inquiry from their first days on campus, working closely with faculty members. Among the programs designed to provide mentoring relationships are freshman seminars and sophomore seminars and dialogues, which are taught by some of the university’s most renowned faculty members. More than 2,300 students enroll in about 200 seminars annually. Other special programs include Sophomore College and Freshman-Sophomore College at Sterling Quad.
>> Undergraduate Research Programs
Stanford believes learning is enhanced by participation in research. The Office of Undergraduate Advising and Research offers advising, grants and programs to aid undergraduate participation in the production of new knowledge. Grants are awarded to faculty and departments to support student involvement in faculty members’ research and to students themselves to support independent research projects under faculty mentorship. The Symposia of Undergraduate Research and Public Service provide opportunities for about 200 undergraduates to present scholarly work to Stanford faculty, students and alumni. In 2009-10, nearly $4 million was allocated for grant programs benefiting more than 1,000 student projects.
Collaborating with faculty, undergraduates work in laboratories, do research through Stanford’s extensive library and archive collections, or travel to sites worldwide to complete independent projects. The resulting honors thesis is recognized by conferring the degree “with Honors.” About 25 percent of each graduating class earn departmental honors. About 100 students annually participate in Bing Honors College.
>> Academic Services
Stanford offers academic services to students, including the Hume Writing Center, the Stanford Language Center, Undergraduate Advising and Research and the Center for Teaching and Learning. The Schwab Learning Center serves students with learning differences. The Career Development offers support for life after college.
>> Bing Overseas Studies
Stanford offers study opportunities in Australia, Barcelona, Beijing, Berlin Cape Town, Florence, Kyoto, Madrid, Moscow, Oxford, Paris and Santiago. Students may enroll for one or more quarters at most centers and participate in internships, research projects and public service. Seven hundred fifty-six students, or about 44 percent of the average class year, studied abroad with Stanford in 2009-10.
>> Other Off-Campus Study Opportunities
The Bing Stanford in Washington Program enables undergraduates to work and study through courses and internships in a residential program in the nation’s capital. The Hopkins Marine Station allows students to live in Pacific Grove while studying marine biology. Students also can take advantage of exchange programs with Dartmouth College, Howard University, Morehouse College and Spelman College.
|High schools represented|
|Largest state represented||California (37.5%)|
|Top 10 percent of class*||90%|
|Top 20 percent of class*||97%|
|SAT Critical Reading 700-800||62%|
|SAT Math 700-800||73%|
|SAT Writing 700-800||69%|
|Declined to State / Other||7.6%|
|Majors by School (Percentages are rounded)|
|School of Humanities and Sciences||2,320||(34%)|
|School of Engineering||883||(13%)|
|School of Earth Sciences||134||(2%)|
|Foreign (89 countries)||493||(7%)|
|Middle East and North Africa||26||(5%)|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||190||(3%)|
|Asian American or Pacific Islander||1,548||(23%)|
|Undergraduate degrees awarded in 2010: 1,671|
(percentage of students receiving undergraduate degrees within five years of initial enrollment at Stanford)
|Courses Enrolling Undergraduates Fall 2010|
|Class Size||Number of courses||Percentage of courses|
|Majors Granting Highest Number of Undergraduate Degrees in 2009-2010|
|1. Biology or Human Biology
3. International Relations
4. Computer Science
|Financial Aid 2009-10|
|Total students on aid:||5,476|
|Total students enrolled (4 qtrs):||6,879|
|Percent of students receiving any form of aid:||80%|
|Percent of students receiving need-based scholarships from Stanford||50%|
|Percent of students receiving Pell Grants||17%|
|Sources of Scholarship Aid 2009-10|
|Stanford General Funds||$25,965,664|
|Federal Pell Grants||$4,719,657|
|Federal Supplemental Grants||$1,371,688|
|Other Federal Grants||$1,404,000|
|Other External Awards||$10,304,465|
|Student Budget 2010-11|
|Required Fees: Vaden Health Center (applied only to students living on campus)||$501|
|Room and Board||$11,876|
|The average per student cumulative undergraduate indebtedness for students earning undergraduate degrees between July 1, 2009 and June 30, 2010 and receiving financial aid:||$14,058|
|Stanford Student Awards|
|Marshall Award Winners||82|
> About Stanford University.Graduate Studies.
>> Graduate Studies
In Stanford’s first year, 1891, 39 men and 12 women from 19 states registered in graduate standing, representing one of the first opportunities for graduate study on the West Coast. Today, 8,779 students in more than 65 departments and programs are pursuing post-baccalaureate degrees in all seven of Stanford’s schools: Business, Earth Sciences, Education, Engineering, Humanities and Sciences, Lawand Medicine. Exchange programs with the University of California at Berkeley and the University of California at San Francisco enable graduate students to take courses not offered at Stanford.
About 84 percent of Stanford graduate students receive financial assistance, aside from loans, from Stanford or external sources. About 56 percent of graduate students live on campus.
>> Graduate Admissions
Admissions decisions are made by each department and program. Programs also set application deadlines.
- Graduate School of Business admissions
- School of Law admissions
- School of Medicine’s M.D. program admissions
>> Graduate Fellowships
Fellowships are a form of funding for graduate studies that provide tuition and a stipend to support a student’s educational expenses. The availability of fellowships varies among departments, schools and programs. Academic merit and availability of funds are the primary considerations in the awarding of such financial support.
Three university-wide endowed fellowship programs for doctoral students are Stanford Graduate Fellowships in Science and Engineering (SGF), Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowships (SIGF) and Lieberman Fellowships. SGF and SIGF award three-year fellowships, providing recipients financial support that is independent of any research project or faculty grant. Lieberman Fellowships are awarded in memory of former provost Gerald Lieberman. SGF and Lieberman Fellowships are awarded by department or school nomination; current graduate students apply for SIGF awards. These three programs are currently supporting 572 recipients from 46 fields across the seven schools. In 2010-11, the annual stipend is $33,400.
>> Multidisciplinary Study
Stanford facilitates collaborative, multidisciplinary teaching and research. Many students receive more than one graduate degree, through a joint degree program or by applying to add a second degree program. Graduate students are encouraged to enroll in classes across the university, outside of their home discipline.
Stanford Graduate Summer Institute (SGSI) offers interdisciplinary courses exclusively for graduate students. Most SGSI courses are small, intensive non-credit seminars, usually taught after summer quarter.
|8,779 matriculated||(Percentages may be rounded)|
|Graduate School of Business||928||(11%)|
|School of Earth Sciences||309||(3%)|
|School of Education||365||(4%)|
|School of Engineering||3,452||(39%)|
|School of Humanities and Sciences||2,162||(25%)|
|School of Law||636||(7%)|
|School of Medicine||927||(11%)|
|Foreign (99 countries)||2,830||(32%)|
|Middle East and North Africa||234||(8%)|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||72||(<1%)|
|Asian American or Pacific Islander||1,191||(14%)|
|Declined to state||173||(2%)|
|Degrees Awarded (2008-09)|
|Professional (JD, MD)||270|
|Doctoral (PhD, DMA)||708|
> About Stanford University. Schools.
The Seven Schools.
Stanford offers the following degrees: B.A., B.S., B.A.S., M.A., M.S., Ph.D., D.M.A., M.D., M.B.A., J.D., J.S.D., J.S.M., LL.M., M.F.A., M.L.S., M.L.A., M.P.P., ENG
>> Graduate School of Business
Dean: Garth Saloner
The mission of the Stanford Graduate School of Business is to create ideas that deepen and advance the understanding of management and to develop innovative, principled and insightful leaders who change the world. The MBA program enrolls about 760 students each year and provides foundational knowledge in topics such as microeconomics, strategy and accounting, as well as managerial perspectives to help students understand the role of these foundational skills. Students develop critical analytical thinking skills, expand leadership abilities and develop innovative thinking. The school also enrolls about 57 students with professional experience in the one-year Stanford Sloan Management Program, leading to an MS degree. There are more than 50 certificate programs for executives. Each year, there are about 100 doctoral students in residence. Faculty members include three Nobel Prize winners. In January 2011 the school moves to the new Knight Management Center, eight buildings around three quads designed to support innovation and collaboration. Visit www.gsb.stanford.edu or call (650) 723-2146.
>> School of Earth Sciences
Dean: Pamela Matson
The School of Earth Sciences is home to departments and programs that focus on the study of the planet Earth. Distinguished faculty teach and conduct research in areas including geology, the environment, energy, natural hazards, continental dynamics, oceans and climate, biogeochemical cycles, Earth surface processes and fresh water. Faculty and students examine the Earth’s solid and fluid components from atomic size to global, and from the age of the Earth to the near-term past and immediate future. They address the development and use of resources, the consequences of human activities on the environment and our understanding of global systems. The school has 55 faculty, 180 undergraduates and 380 graduate students. It offers Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, Engineer, and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Visit earthsci.stanford.edu or call (650) 723-2544.
>> School of Education
Dean: Deborah Stipek
The School of Education, with an enrollment of about 400 graduate students, is a leader in groundbreaking, cross-disciplinary research and analysis that help shape educational practice and policy. Faculty integrate practice and research by working collaboratively with administrators, teachers and policy leaders around the world, and they contribute to theoretical and methodological innovations in the social sciences. The school develops the knowledge, wisdom and imagination of its students to enable them to take leadership positions as teachers, researchers, administrators and policymakers. School of Education students benefit from an exposure to real-world challenges and involvement in problem-solving collaborations with practitioners and policymakers. The School of Education runs East Palo Alto Academy, its own public charter school in the neighboring East Palo Alto community. The school also has sustained collaborations with organizations serving youth in several Bay Area communities and ongoing partnerships with district and school leaders. The School of Education offers the Doctor of Philosophy, Master of Arts and Master of Arts with teaching credential. Call (650) 723-2109 or visit ed.stanford.edu
>> School of Engineering
Dean: James Plummer
More than 4,000 students, 25 percent of all Stanford students, are enrolled in the School of Engineering. The school has nine departments, more than 240 faculty members and some 30 research centers. Entrepreneurship education is offered through the Stanford Technology Ventures Program. Most departments offer degree programs at all levels of study. Undergraduates are admitted to the university, not the school, and may choose engineering as a major by their junior year. Graduate students are evaluated and admitted by each department; closing dates for filing applications vary by department. Co-terminal students are admitted early to a graduate program and can study for both bachelor’s and master’s degrees simultaneously. Call (650) 723-3938 or visit engineering.stanford.edu
>> School of Humanities and Sciences
Dean: Richard Saller
The School of Humanities and Sciences is Stanford’s largest school, awarding nearly 80 percent of undergraduate degrees. The school has more than 50 departments and interdisciplinary degree programs that span the humanities, arts, languages and literatures, social sciences, mathematics and the physical and life sciences. The school’s graduate programs lead to Doctor of Philosophy, Master of Arts, Master of Science or Master of Fine Arts degrees.
Programs and research centers in the school include the Abbasi Islamic Studies Program, Cantor Arts Center, Clayman Institute for Gender Research, Film and Media Studies Program, Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve, Hopkins Marine Station, Institute for Research in the Social Sciences, Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute and the Moghadam Program in Iranian Studies. Visit humsci.stanford.edu
>> Law School
Dean: Larry Kramer
Stanford Law School combines classic and innovative education to prepare students for an interconnected, global world. There are about 70 faculty members, including clinical, senior lecturers and emeriti, and about 180 new J.D. students annually. The student-to-faculty ratio is 8 to 1. The school offers 20 joint degree programs in such areas as Bioengineering, Business, Computer Science, Economics, Education, Electrical Engineering, Environment and Resources, Health Research and Policy, History, International, Comparative and Area Studies, International Policy Studies, Management Science and Engineering, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Public Policy and Sociology as well as countless customized joint degrees. Joint degree programs are also offered with Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and Johns Hopkins’ Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. Ten clinical programs allow students to undertake the roles and responsibilities of practicing lawyers, and more than 20 programs and centers offer opportunities for research and policy-oriented study. The Master of Laws (LL.M.), Master of the Science of Law (J.S.M.) and Doctor of the Science of Law (J.S.D.) degrees are offered. Call (650) 723-2465 or visit www.law.stanford.edu
>> School of Medicine
Dean: Philip Pizzo
The School of Medicine, the oldest medical school in the West, encourages intellectual diversity in students interested in developing a scholarly, investigative approach to problems in medicine and science. The school has more than 800 faculty, 1,450 postdoctoral scholars, 470 M.D. students and 569 Ph.D. and M.S. candidates. Medical students gain clinical experience at Stanford Hospital and Clinics and at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. Ph.D. programs offer interdisciplinary research opportunities with faculty from throughout the university. Each year, faculty receive grants and contracts totaling more than $300 million in support for research, teaching and patient care. Call (650) 723-6861 or visit med.stanford.edu
>> Stanford Continuing Studies
Dean: Charles Junkerman
Each quarter, Continuing Studies offers more than 90 courses, workshops and events to more than 2,500 adult members of the Stanford and surrounding communities. Courses range from liberal arts and sciences to creative writing to professional and personal development. It also offers the Master of Liberal Arts Program, a Stanford graduate degree program for adults who seek a broad, interdisciplinary course of study in the liberal arts. The program, taught by Stanford faculty, takes four to five years to complete. Call (650) 725-2650.
>> Summer Session
The Summer Session is the only academic quarter during which Stanford offers open enrollment for university classes. Joining current Stanford undergraduate and graduate students in the Summer Session are exceptional high school juniors and seniors and visiting college and university students from around the world. About 2,000 students enroll in Summer Session. Call (650) 723-3109.
> About Stanford University. Stanford Faculty.
The Stanford Faculty
>> The Stanford Faculty
David Starr Jordan was appointed president in March 1891, and by June his first faculty — 15 men of “youth and scholarly promise” — had accepted appointments. Jordan sought professors who combined abilities for teaching and research, and he wrote, “Mr. Stanford wants me to get the best. He wants no ornamental or idle professors.”
Today, Stanford has 1,903 tenure-line faculty, senior fellows and center fellows at specified policy centers and institutes, and Medical Center-line faculty. Fifty-five percent of the faculty have earned tenure. Faculty at Stanford are expected to be among the best teachers and researchers in their fields. There are 491 faculty members appointed to endowed chairs. Stanford faculty have won 26 Nobel Prizes since the university’s founding.
Stanford’s current community of scholars includes:
- 16 Nobel laureates
- 4 Pulitzer Prize winners
- 24 MacArthur Fellows
- 19 recipients of the National Medal of Science
- 2 National Medal of Technology recipients
- 258 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 137 members of the National Academy of Sciences
- 89 National Academy of Engineering members
- 62 members of the Institute of Medicine
- 30 members of the National Academy of Education
- 43 American Philosophical Society members
- 7 Wolf Foundation Prize winners
- 6 winners of the Koret Foundation Prize
- 3 Presidential Medal of Freedom winners
>> Living Nobel Laureates
- Kenneth J. Arrow
- Professor Emeritus in the Department of Economics, shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Economics for pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory.
- Gary S. Becker
- Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, won the 1992 Nobel Prize in Economics for extending the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behavior and interaction, including non-market behavior.
- Paul Berg
- Professor Emeritus in the Department of Biochemistry, shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant DNA.
- Steven Chu
- Professor in the Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Emeritus, shared the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light.
- Andrew Fire
- Professor in the Departments of Pathology and of Genetics, shared the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries related to RNA interference.
- Roger Kornberg
- Professor in the Department of Structural Biology, won the 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in understanding how DNA is converted into RNA, a process known as transcription.
- Robert B. Laughlin
- Professor in the Departments of Physics, shared the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics for explaining the fractional quantum Hall effect, in which electrons flowing in a semiconductor subjected to strong electromagnetic fields act like a liquid made up of “particles” with an electrical charge that is a fraction of that of an electron.
- Douglass North
- Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, shared the 1993 Nobel Prize in Economics for work in economic history that applied economic theory and quantitative methods to explain economic and institutional change.
- Douglas Osheroff
- Professor Emeritus in the Department of Physics, shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of superfluidity in helium-3.
- Martin Perl
- Professor Emeritus at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the tau lepton.
- Burton Richter
- Professor Emeritus at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, shared the 1976 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the psi particle and for pioneering work in high-energy physics.
- Myron S. Scholes
- Professor Emeritus at the Graduate School of Business, shared the 1997 Nobel Prize in Economics for a new method to determine the value of derivatives.
- William Sharpe
- Professor Emeritus at the Graduate School of Business, shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Economics for his contributions to the theory of price formation for financial assets, the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM).
- A. Michael Spence
- Professor Emeritus at the Graduate School of Business, and Joseph E. Stiglitz, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Economics, shared the 2001 Nobel Prize in Economics for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information.
- Joseph E. Stiglitz
- Professor Emeritus in the Department of Economics, and A. Michael Spence, Professor Emeritus at the Graduate School of Business, shared the 2001 Nobel Prize in Economics for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information.
- Richard E. Taylor
- Professor at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics for investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons that have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics.
>> Stanford Pulitzer Prize Winners
- David M. Kennedy
- 2000, History
- Jack Rakove
- 1997, History
- James Risser
- 1976, 1979, National Reporting
- Carl N. Degler
- 1972, History
|* Includes tenure-line faculty, senior fellows and center fellows at specified policy centers and institutes, and Medical Center-line faculty.|
|Members of Academic Council||1,468|
|Percentages may be rounded|
|Graduate School of Business||104||(5%)|
|School of Earth Sciences||50||(3%)|
|School of Education||53||(3%)|
|School of Engineering||237||(12%)|
|School of Humanities and Sciences||525||(28%)|
|School of Law||51||(3%)|
|School of Medicine||831||(43%)|
|Other: (SLAC, FSI, STET)||52||(3%)|
|Tenure Status/Appointment Line|
|Tenure Line, Tenured||1,035||(55%)|
|Tenure Line, Non Tenured||289||(16%)|
|Medical Center Line||435||(22%)|
|Faculty Appointed to Endowed Professorships||491|
|Faculty Holding Highest Degree in Their Field||1,885||(99%)|
|Native American/Pacific Islander||1||(<1%)|
|Two or more races||4||(<1%)|
> About Stanford University. Research and Innovation.
Research and Innovation.
The synthesis of teaching and research is fundamental to Stanford. All faculty do scholarly research, most often in association with graduate students or advanced undergraduates. Stanford is noted for multidisciplinary research within its schools and departments, as well as its independent laboratories, centers and institutes. Several national research centers are located at Stanford, including the Department of Plant Biology in the Carnegie Institution of Washington and the National Bureau of Economic Research.
There are more than 5,000 externally sponsored projects throughout the university, with the total budget for sponsored projects at $1.15 billion during 2010-11, including the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC). Of these projects, the federal government sponsors approximately 83.5 percent, including SLAC. In addition, nearly $189 million in support comes from non-federal funding sources. More than 1,800 postdoctoral scholars are involved in research at the university.
Stanford’s Office of Technology Licensing (OTL) brings technology created at Stanford to market. In 2009–10, Stanford received more than $65.47 million in gross royalty revenue from 553 technologies. Thirty-two of the inventions generated $100,000 or more in royalties. Two inventions generated $1 million or more. In 2009–10, OTL concluded 90 new licenses and evaluated about 450 new invention disclosures.
>> Among the Inventions Licensed by OTL:
Digital sound synthesis: John Chowning developed FM sound synthesis for digitally generating sounds in the late 1960s, leading to the music synthesizer.
Disease management: The Stanford Patient Education Research Center develops programs for people with chronic health problems, including arthritis and HIV/AIDS. The program has been licensed to more than 500 organizations in 17 countries.
DSL: In the 1980s, John Cioffi and his students realized that traditional phone lines could be used for high-speed data transmission, resulting in patents used in asymmetric digital subscriber lines.
E-mail security: Identity-based encryption, developed by Dan Boneh and Matt Franklin, offers an efficient way to encrypt and protect e-mail.
Functional antibodies to treat disease: In the 1980s, Leonard Herzenberg, Vernon Oi and Sherie Morrison invented functional antibodies, which led to the development of many valuable medical products.
Genome sequencing: Two tools assist in the sequencing of DNA: CHEF electrophoresis, invented in 1987 by Ron Davis, Gilbert Chu and Douglas Vollrath; and Genscan software, developed by Christopher Burge.
Google: The world’s most popular search engine got its start at Stanford when Sergey Brin and Larry Page developed the page-rank algorithm while they were computer science graduate students.
Optical fiber amplifier: This invention by John Shaw and Michael J.F. Digonnet enabled the bandwidth explosion in optical communications and telecommunications essential to the Internet.
Personalized medicine: The gene chip, based on spotted microarray technology developed in the 1990s by Pat Brown and Dari Shalon, allows doctors to create genetic profiles of patients and their diseases.
Recombinant drug production: Recombinant DNA technology, developed in 1973 by Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer, laid the groundwork for modern genetic engineering by allowing scientists to combine pieces of DNA from different organisms.
>> Research Centers and Institutes
Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace
The Hoover Institution, devoted to the study of domestic and international affairs, was founded in 1919 by Herbert Hoover, a member of Stanford’s Pioneer Class of 1895 and the 31st U.S. president. The Hoover Institution began as a specialized collection of documents on the causes and consequences of World War I and grew to encompass one of the largest archives and libraries in the world on political, economic and social change. One of the first “think tanks” in the United States, the institution has more than 100 resident scholars/specialists.
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory operated by Stanford, explores the structure and dynamics of matter and the properties of energy, space and time—at the smallest and largest scales, in the fastest processes and at the highest energies. In 2010, the laboratory dedicated the Linac Coherent Light Source, beginning new research in physics, structural biology, energy science and chemistry, among other fields. Since 1962, six scientists have won the Nobel Prize for research carried out at the laboratory.
Other Special Stanford Research Facilities
- Hopkins Marine Station
- Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts
- Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve
- Stanford University Libraries
>> Independent Laboratories, Centers and Institutes
Independent laboratories, centers and institutes account for about 20 percent of Stanford research, involving about 300 faculty members and 800 students. [Complete list of research centers]
- Bio X (Stanford Program for Bioengineering, Biomedicine and Biosciences)
- Center for Advanced Studies in Behavorial Sciences (CASBS)
- Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI)
- Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory
- Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI)
- Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials (GLAM)
- Human Sciences and Technologies Advanced Research Institute (H*Star)
- Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (KIPAC)
- Precourt Institute for Energy
- Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering (PULSE)
- Spectrum, the Stanford Center for Clinical and Translational Education & Research
- Stanford Center on Longevity (SCL)
- Stanford Humanities Center
- Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research
- Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES)
- W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory (HEPL)
- Woods Institute for the Environment
>> Wellspring of Innovation
Stanford’s entrepreneurial spirit, the result of its California location and the legacy of Leland and Jane Stanford, has helped spawn more than 3,000 companies in high technology and other fields.
Frederick Terman, provost from 1955 to 1965, is called the “academic architect” of the high-technology region known as Silicon Valley. He is credited with creating the university-industry partnerships that led to the establishment of companies key to the high-technology revolution.
Terman encouraged entrepreneurship among his students, created opportunities in California for Stanford-educated engineers, established continuing education programs for engineers in local companies and helped found the university industrial park where companies such as Hewlett-Packard could take root. Terman created an entrepreneurial culture that, today, extends to every academic discipline.
>> Among the companies Stanford faculty and alumni have helped create:
> About Stanford University. The Stanford Challenge.
The Stanford Challenge.
President John Hennessy announced a university-wide program in October 2006 to seek solutions to the century’s most pressing global challenges, enhance the education of future leaders and strengthen Stanford’s academic excellence. To enable that effort, the university launched “The Stanford Challenge,” a five-year, $4.3 billion fundraising campaign.
“The scope and complexity of social and scientific challenges has grown immensely in recent decades,” Hennessy said. “Universities are uniquely positioned to address these complexities. And I believe Stanford is uniquely prepared among universities—by its breadth of scholarship, entrepreneurial heritage and pioneering faculty—to provide research and real-world approaches to address many of these issues. This campaign will not only provide the resources to do so, I believe it will galvanize the Stanford community to meet the commitment made by Jane and Leland Stanford ‘to promote the public welfare by exercising an influence on behalf of humanity and civilization.’ ”
The Stanford Challenge has three components:
- The multidisciplinary initiatives are designed to make groundbreaking advances in human health, environmental sustainability and international peace and security.
- Other initiatives improve K-12 education, strengthen Stanford’s undergraduate programs, reinvent and enhance graduate programs and engage all students in the arts and the creative process through exhibitions, performances and research.
- Core support and annual giving sustain Stanford’s breadth of excellence in teaching and research.
Key to these research and teaching initiatives is a multidisciplinary approach that draws on excellence across all seven of Stanford’s schools and throughout its many centers and institutes. The campaign enables Stanford to increase its research collaborations and to extend them throughout campus, bringing together experts from across the university to focus on specific problems. Visit http://thestanfordchallenge.stanford.edu
> About Stanford University. Libraries & Computing.
>> Stanford Libraries
Stanford’s 20 libraries and related units, most of which are under Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources (SULAIR), support Stanford’s mission of teaching, learning and research by making information and knowledge accessible and preserving them for the future.
The libraries have amassed collections of books, journals, scores and printed reference works numbering more than 8.5 million physical volumes. The libraries hold 1.5 million e-books, nearly 1.5 million audiovisual materials, more than 75,000 serials, thousands of other digital resources and nearly 6 million microform holdings. Access to the libraries is extended to non-university users for seven days a year free of charge upon registration.
In 2009-10, Stanford librarians taught more than 400 workshops and answered more than 55,000 reference questions.
Special Collections and University Archives include about 260,000 rare or otherwise special books and 59 million pages of unpublished materials, including the archives, manuscripts, papers and correspondence of luminaries, scholars, technologists and writers; thousands of archival photographs; corporate records and archives, with an emphasis on the Silicon Valley region and California history; and resources in Stanford history. Primary-source and historical resources are available by prior request for use in the Field Special Collections reading room in Green Library. Undergraduates are encouraged to conduct original research among these collections. More than 135 classes are held annually in Special Collections.
SULAIR’s Academic Computing Services (ACS) division supports the use of technology for teaching, learning and research. ACS also supports SULAIR staff computing. Services include:
- Enterprise public computing and printing services in more than 100 locations, including libraries and student residences
- More than 15,000 square feet of technology-enabled study spaces and classrooms in Meyer Library and Tresidder Union, plus 80 residential spaces
- Technology and multimedia help, courses and workshops for students in the residences and at Meyer Library
- Consulting for faculty on technology for teaching, research and digital humanities, with scholar-technicians embedded in seven academic departments or programs
- CourseWork, Stanford’s online learning management system, which supports about 1,000 courses per quarter
- The Digital Language Lab, which partners with the Stanford Language Center to support multimedia learning in some 44 languages for more than 2,500 students per quarter
Stanford University Press
Founded in 1925, Stanford University Press publishes about 175 books per year. About two-thirds are scholarly monographs and textbooks in the humanities and the social sciences, notably history, literature, philosophy, religion, Asian studies, Middle East studies, politics, sociology, anthropology and education. The remaining third are textbooks, professional reference works and monographs in law, business, economics, security studies and public policy. Tenure monographs account for about 20 percent of the press’ scholarly output, and translations account for about 12 percent.
Since 1995, Stanford’s ePublishing platform, HighWire Press, has partnered with independent publishers, societies, associations and university presses to produce and host more than 1,400 scholarly journals, reference works, books and conference proceedings. Content on HighWire is used by students, researchers, clinicians and others daily: more than 600 billion requests and nearly 53 terabytes of data are transferred every month from the Stanford-based servers. The HighWire Portal’s searching, browsing and feature-rich tools help make sense of information from more than 6 million full-text articles, allowing readers to access content on mobile devices, create customized alerts, follow toll-free links, search PubMed and download citations across all the content HighWire hosts.
>> Computing at Stanford
Stanford houses one of the most extensive computing environments of any university. Services include e-mail, web hosting, distributed file systems, wireless and remote Internet access, courseware and research and high-performance computing facilities.
SUNet, the Stanford University Network, includes more than 150,000 computers with assigned Internet protocol addresses. About 60,000 are active on any given day. More than 9.5 terabytes of data flow between SUNet and the Internet each day. Stanford has 40,000 e-mail accounts and delivers about two million incoming mail messages daily on systems supported by Information Technology Services.
Students are not required to own computers at Stanford, although an estimated 99 percent own at least one, with about 95 percent owning laptops. All residences on campus have a cluster of computers for use day or night.
Stanford has been a leader in computer use, research and instruction. A high-speed electronic calculator was installed on campus in 1953, and the university’s first computer was installed in 1956. The first faculty member specializing in computers joined the Mathematics Department in 1957, and the Computer Science Department was founded in 1965. In 1968, researchers debuted the computer mouse and hypertext linking. In 1984, trenches were dug for SUNet and, in 1988, Stanford’s network was one of the first to connect to the Internet. In 1987, Stanford established the first residential computing program in the country. In 1991, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center created the first U.S. website. In 2004, Stanford joined the Google Books Library Project to make millions of books available electronically without charge.
> About Stanford University. Campus Life.
>> Stanford Housing
Stanford University is a residential teaching and research university. In Autumn 2010, 6,260 undergraduate and 4,762 graduate students live on campus, allowing for a blending of academic and residential life. Undergraduate campus housing is guaranteed for four years for entering freshmen. Approximately 96 percent of all undergraduates registered and residing at the home campus live in on-campus housing.
The undergraduate housing system includes 80 very diverse residential facilities, including academic-focus, language, culture and cross-cultural houses; student-managed row-type houses; apartments; suites; and traditional residence halls. Faculty or senior staff serve as live-in resident fellows in residences that house first-year students, in academic-focus houses and in some houses for upperclass students. About 16 percent of students join one of the 15 fraternities or 13 sororities recognized on campus. Seven fraternities and three sororities offer housing. Stanford Dining provides more than 3 million meals annually to undergraduate students and conference guests.
Housing on campus for graduate students consists of university-owned apartments. About 56 percent of graduate students eligible for housing live in university housing.
>> Student Organizations and Student Government
About 630 organized student groups are recognized at Stanford, covering a range of interests: academic, international, political, environmental, religious, ethnic, social, community service and recreational. Student publications include The Stanford Daily newspaper. The Associated Students of Stanford University is the representative government for Stanford students.
>> Lively Arts
Stanford Lively Arts sponsors about 100 music, dance and theater performances by world-famous artists annually, attracting about 30,000 visitors. Lively Arts also offers master classes, extended residencies, workshops, lecture/demonstrations and group discussions, as well as community and student programs. Call (650) 725-ARTS (2787).
>> Religious Life
There are about 35 recognized religious organizations on the Stanford campus. In addition to a wide range of Christian groups, there are the Hillel Foundation and Chabad, the Islamic Society, Ismaili Student Association, Humanists and Agnostics, the Baha’i Association, the Hindu Student Council, the Sikh Student Association, the Buddhist Community and the World Peace Buddhists. The Center for Inter-Religious Community, Learning and Experiences (CIRCLE) is located in Old Union. The university’s support of the Office for Religious Life presumes that faith and spiritual quest are consonant with the academy’s most vital pursuits of meaning and purpose. Call (650) 723-1762 or visitreligiouslife.stanford.edu.
>> Public Service
The Haas Center for Public Service provides service opportunities, including summer and postgraduate fellowships; integration of service experience with classroom learning; community-based research; public service leadership training; community programs serving children and youth; and advising on national service options after graduation. The center supports nearly 20 staffed programs and many student organizations, and works with faculty who offer 75 service-learning courses and community-based research projects. Visit haas.stanford.edu or call (650) 723-0992.
More than 100 student organizations, special projects and school-based programs across campus provide undergraduates and graduate students with opportunities to serve. These range from law clinics, including the Community Law Clinic in East Palo Alto, the Business School’s Public Management Program, the Medical School’s Office of Community Health and Athletics’ Community Outreach program. Stanford’s eight community centers and four ethnic theme houses offer outreach programs that provide educational services for underserved youth, language assistance and cultural events.
>> Campus Safety
The Stanford University Department of Public Safety is a multi-service agency providing law enforcement, security, safety, crime prevention and emergency services on the Stanford campus 24 hours a day. Public Safety employs sworn personnel holding the rank of deputy sheriff, sergeant, lieutenant and chief, as well as non-sworn community service and public safety officers, special events personnel and support staff. The Stanford Safety and Security Almanac is provided to the campus community in compliance with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Crime Statistics Act. See police.stanford.edu for more information. Public Safety is located at 711 Serra Street, next to the Fire Station at the corner of Campus Drive and Serra Street. The business phone number is (650) 723-9633.
>> Getting Around
Biking is one of the most popular forms of on-campus transportation, with an estimated 13,000 bikes on campus daily. Although freshmen may not bring cars to campus, the free Marguerite shuttle system provides connections to local transit, shopping and dining. Zipcar car sharing and Enterprise rentals are options. The Thriving at Stanford [without a car] guide offers options to travel off campus. Call the Parking & Transportation Services at (650) 723-9362 or visit transportation.stanford.edu.
>> Stanford Traditions
The annual football game against the University of California, Berkeley, Golden Bears is Big Game. It is preceded by Gaieties, a student-produced musical follies.
Full Moon on the Quad
Freshmen are kissed at midnight by seniors under the first full moon of Autumn Quarter.
> About Stanford University. Cardinal Athletics.
>> Cardinal Athletics
Stanford promotes excellence in both academics and athletics. Stanford has won the Directors’ Cup, which honors the most successful program in NCAA Division I sports, the last 16 years. In 2009-10. Stanford won three national team championships and had 13 teams in the top five and 17 in the top 10. Three coaches were named national coach of the year. Stanford offers about 300 athletic scholarships. About 800 students participate in intercollegiate sports.
Stanford employs some 100 coaches and assistants. Ten current coaches have led their teams to one or more NCAA titles. Stanford maintains one million gross feet of indoor facilities and 94 acres of outdoor fields. Among Stanford’s facilities are the 50,000-seat Stanford Stadium; 6,786-yard Stanford Golf Course; the 7,329-seat Maples Pavilion; the 4,000-seat Sunken Diamond; the 14-court Taube Family Tennis Stadium; and the 2,500-seat, four-pool Avery Aquatic Complex.
The Department of Athletics offers 34 varsity sports—18 for women, 15 for men and one coed—plus 26 club sports. In addition, more than 9,000 students, faculty and staff participate each year in intramural sports. Each quarter, approximately 2,000 students enroll in 100 physical education courses, which include 30 different activities. Call (800) STANFORD.
|Women’s Varsity Sports||Men’s Varsity Sports||Coed Varsity Sport|
|Soccer||Swimming and Diving|
|Squash||Track and Field|
|Swimming and Diving||Volleyball|
|Synchronized Swimming||Water Polo|
|Track and Field|
>> Home of Champions
- Total National Championships: 114
- Total NCAA Championships: 101 (NCAA rank: No.2)
- Total Men’s NCAA Championships: 60 (No. 3)
- Total Women’s NCAA Championships: 39 (No. 1)
- Total Individual NCAA Championships: 409 (No.1)
- NCAA Team Championships Since 1990: 59 (No.1)
- NCAA Team Championships Since 1980: 82 (No.1)
>> The Cardinal
Cardinal has been the color of Stanford athletic teams since 1892. In 1930, Stanford officially adopted the Indian symbol and nickname for its teams. In 1972, the Indian mascot was dropped at the request of Native American students. Stanford teams are called the Cardinal, in reference to the team color.
> About Stanford University. The Stanford Lands.
The Stanford Lands.
>> The Founding Grant
In 1876, Leland Stanford purchased 650 acres of what had been El Rancho San Francisquito for a country home and began the development of his famous Palo Alto Stock Farm for trotting horses. In 1885, a year and a half after the death of their only child, Jane and Leland Stanford executed a deed of trust conveying the farm, along with several other parcels of land, to the trustees for the founding of the Leland Stanford Junior University. The size and varied topography of the 8,180 acres of foothills and plains they left to Stanford in the center of the San Francisco Peninsula provide a rare opportunity for comprehensive land use and resource management. About 60 percent of Stanford’s land today remains open.
>> The Campus Plan
Jane and Leland Stanford traveled widely before founding Stanford and wanted the Main Quadrangle and the Palm Drive main entrance to reflect European Beaux Arts formalism. They engaged Frederick Law Olmsted, the foremost landscape architect of the time. The Stanfords’ contentious collaboration with Olmsted and the architectural firm of Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge resulted in California Mission-inspired buildings of local sandstone with red-tiled roofs, surrounding a cloistered quadrangle with Memorial Church as its focus. The rectangular plan of the Main Quadrangle was designed to provide for expansion through a series of quadrangles developed laterally. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the Great Depression and World War II intervened. The university’s campus planning today, however, has returned to the original concept of quadrangles and connecting malls in its design.
>> Today’s Campus
With more than 49 miles of roads, a 49-megawatt power plant, three separate water systems, three dams and lakes, 88 miles of water mains, a central heating and cooling plant, a high-voltage distribution system and a post office, the university is a self-sustaining community. Stanford also provides or contracts for its own fire, police and other services. There are more than 665 major buildings at Stanford that incorporate 13.6 million square feet. Ninety-five percent of undergraduates live on campus, as do about 57 percent of graduate students and 30 percent of faculty members. There are 850 owner-occupied housing units for faculty on campus, as well as 628 rental units for faculty and staff. Stanford is one of the most energy-efficient institutions among California research universities.
There are more than 43,000 trees on the Stanford campus, with the native California Coast Live Oak the most common. Many of Stanford’s trees have survived a century or more of drought, flood and change. There are more than 800 different species of plants on campus. The inner campus includes about 1 million square feet of shrubs, 580,000 linear feet of groundcovers, 1.2 million square feet of green areas and 2,700 automatic irrigation valves. There are 25 fountains.
>> Stanford Research Park
Stanford Research Park was created in 1951 in response to the demand for industrial land near university resources and an emerging electronics industry tied closely to the School of Engineering. Today, the park is home to more than 150 companies with about 23,000 employees in electronics, software, biotechnology and other high-tech fields. Research and development and supporting service companies occupy some 10 million square feet in more than 160 buildings spread over 700 acres.
>> Stanford Shopping Center
In 1955, Stanford Shopping Center opened at the northern end of the campus in keeping with the Stanfords’ goal of using their land to provide support for the university. The 70-acre development, anchored by five major department stores and 140 retail stores, is one of the nation’s leading super-regional centers in revenue and sales per square foot. In 2003, the center was groundleased to, and is now managed by, Simon Property Group, Inc. The property provides rental revenue that supports the university’s endowment.
>> Stanford and Its Neighbors
Stanford’s contiguous 8,180 total acres are in six different governmental jurisdictions:
|5,178 acres in Santa Clara County|
|4,017 acres in unincorporated Santa Clara County|
|1,161 acres in Palo Alto|
|3,002 acres in San Mateo County|
|2,701 acres in unincorporated San Mateo County|
|114 acres in Woodside|
|111 acres in Menlo Park|
|76 acres in Portola Valley|
Stanford and its surrounding communities are interconnected. The university considers its relationship with those communities to be vital in jointly addressing such crucial issues as growth, transportation and economic development. Stanford has been a major contributor to the economic vitality of the region. In 2006, the combination of local spending by employees, visitors and students, sales and property tax payments, utility and other direct purchases contributed nearly $2 billion to San Mateo and Santa Clara counties.
The academic campus is governed by a Community Plan and General Use Permit, issued by Santa Clara County in 2000, that allows Stanford to add two million additional square feet of academic facilities and up to 3,000 new housing units on campus while preserving more than 2,000 acres of the campus foothills in Santa Clara County for 25 years.
>> Sustainable Stanford
Stanford was again named one of the top universities for sustainability by the Sustainable Endowments Institute in 2010. The Sustainable Stanford program continues to improve sustainable practices:
- In 2009, Stanford announced a Climate and Energy Plan that exceeds California’s AB 32 Global Warming Solutions Act.
- Since 1993, energy retrofits of older buildings have resulted in an estimated savings of more than 240 million kilowatt-hours of electricity—about 15 months of the university’s current use.
- A 21 percent reduction in domestic water use has been achieved since 2000, despite the addition of more than 1 million gross square feet.
- The recycling program diverts 65 percent of waste from landfills.
- About 40 percent of produce purchased is organic or regionally grown, and Stanford helps support about 30 small farms that grow organic produce.
- Designated a Gold-Level “Bicycle Friendly Community,” Stanford boasts 13,000 bikes on campus daily and 11.7 miles of bike lanes.
- Employee drive-alone rate has been reduced from 72 percent in 2002 to 48 percent in 2010—compared to the national rate of 77 percent—and transit ridership is up from 8 to 26 percent.
The award winning transportation program includes the free 42-bus, 15-route Marguerite system running on biodiesel with two diesel-electric hybrid buses; the 7,500-member Commute Club; free transit on Caltrain, VTA, Dumbarton Express and AC Transit’s Line U; Zipcar car sharing; commute planning; charter services; and a bike program.
Ridership on Marguerite buses climbed to 1,416,508 in 2009. Shuttle ridership at the Caltrain commuter rail stations increased about 30 percent between 2004 and 2009. In 2010, 52 percent of employees commuted via alternative transportation, compared with 24 percent in Santa Clara County.
> About Stanford University. Medical Center.
>> The Stanford Medical Center
The Stanford Medical Center includes the Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford Hospital and Clinics and the Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. The Medical Center is known for breakthrough technologies and treatments, including the first synthesis of biologically active DNA in a test tube, the first construction of a recombinant DNA molecule containing DNA from two different species, discovery of immune response genes and development of the microarray technology that allows researchers to see at once which genes of the thousands present in a cell are switched “on.”
>> Stanford Hospital and Clinics
Stanford Hospital and Clinics (SHC) is known worldwide for advanced treatment of complex disorders in areas such as cardiac care, cancer treatment, neurosciences, surgery and organ transplants. Consistently ranked among the nation’s top hospitals, SHC is internationally recognized for translating medical breakthroughs into patient care.
In 2010, SHC had 465 beds and 37 operating rooms. It had a medical staff of 1,833, a house staff of 900 residents, and a nursing staff of 1,848 RNs, 16 LVNs and 158 nursing assistants. There were 23,744 inpatient admissions and 48,744 emergency patient visits. Volunteers committed about 75,092 hours of service.
>> Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital
Celebrating its 20th anniversary in 2011, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital is ranked as one of the nation’s best pediatric hospitals by U.S. News & World Report and is the only San Francisco Bay Area children’s hospital with programs ranked in the U.S. News Top Ten. The 311-bed hospital is devoted to the care of children and expectant mothers and provides pediatric and obstetric medical and surgical services in association with the Stanford School of Medicine. Packard offers patients a full range of health care programs and services, from preventive and routine care to the diagnosis and treatment of serious illness and injury.
Its relationship with the School of Medicine and Silicon Valley provides Packard with the ability to use leading technology to improve patient care, from the development of new vaccines and devices for cardiac intervention to breakthroughs in gene therapy.
In 2010, Packard Children’s had a medical staff of 824 and 2,725 employees. Additionally during the past year, the hospital had 80,304 patient days, 12,815 patient discharges and 4,759 births. There are 704 volunteers and 1,350 auxiliary members. Packard Children’s also has outreach, clinical services and satellite facilities, including the Mobile Adolescent Health Services Program, which provides exams and free medications for homeless and uninsured youths.
>> Stanford University School of Medicine
The Stanford School of Medicine is a research-intensive medical school that improves health through leadership, collaborative discoveries and innovation in patient care, education and research. Among the programs engaged in the transfer of ideas between laboratories and patient-care settings are:
- Beckman Center for Molecular and Genetic Medicine
- Department of Bioengineering
- General Clinical Research Center
- Howard Hughes Unit in Molecular and Genetic Medicine
- Lucas Center for Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Imaging
- Program in Molecular and Genetic Medicine
- Stanford Cancer Center
- Stanford Cardiovascular Institute
- Stanford Institute for Immunity, Transplantation and Infection
- Stanford Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine
- Stanford Institute for Neuro Innovation and Translational Neuroscience
- Stanford Program for Bioengineering, Biomedicine and Biosciences
> About Stanford University. Finances.
In 2010-11, Stanford is a $3.8 billion enterprise.This figure represents the university’s consolidated budget for operations, a compilation of all annual operating and restricted budgets that support teaching, scholarship and research, including the budgets of all schools and administrative areas and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. It does not include the $368 million capital budget and excludes the budgets for the Stanford Hospital and Clinics and the Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, which are separate corporations.
|4%||other investment income|
|14%||health care services income|
|6%||expendable gifts and net assets released|
|54%||salaries & benefits|
|10%||SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory|
Stanford’s $13.8 billion endowment (as of Aug. 31, 2010) provides an enduring source of financial support for fulfillment of the university’s mission of teaching, learning and research. About 75 percent of the endowment is designated by donors for a specific purpose. There are nearly 7,000 endowed university funds.
Each year, a portion of investment return from the endowment is used to support annual operating expenses. The remainder of the return is reinvested in the endowment to maintain its value over time. The Stanford Management Company (SMC) was established in 1991 to manage Stanford’s financial and real estate assets. SMC is a division of the university with oversight by a board of directors appointed by the university board of trustees.
Stanford University in 2009-10 raised $598.9 million from 76,487 donors. More than 35.3 percent of undergraduate alumni gave gifts to the university. The gifts included $206.1 million for research, $49.2 million in student aid, $39.6 million for professorships and other faculty support and $68.2 million for building projects.
Through Stanford’s annual giving programs, alumni, parents and friends are encouraged to make expendable gifts for general university and school purposes. From time to time, individuals, foundations and corporations make major gifts to increase the university’s endowment, to construct new buildings or to start new programs. In addition, some alumni and friends include Stanford in their estate planning or make arrangements for a deferred gift to the university. For more information, call (650) 723-8500 or visit http://givingtostanford.stanford.edu
|Fiscal Year||Gifts in Millions|
> About Stanford University. University Governance & Administration.
Stanford University Governance & Administration.
>> University Governance and Organization
Stanford University is a trust with corporate powers under the laws of the State of California. The university is a tax-exempt entity under section 501(c)3 of the Internal Revenue Code. Under the provisions of the Founding Grant, the Board of Trustees (with a maximum membership of 35) is custodian of the endowment and all the properties of Stanford University. The board administers the invested funds, sets the annual budget and determines policies for operation and control of the university. Among the powers given to the trustees by the Founding Grant is the power to appoint a president. The board delegates broad authority to the president to operate the university and to the faculty on certain academic matters. The formal legal name is “The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University.”
The Stanford Hospital and Clinics and the Lucile Salter Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford are nonprofit California corporations. They are separate from the university and from one another.
Stanford University is accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Senior Colleges and Universities of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.
>> Board of Trustees
as of October 2011
- Robert M. Bass, President, Keystone Group LP, Fort Worth, TX
- William R. Brody, President, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA
- Mariann Byerwalter, Chairman, JDN Corporate Advisory, LLC, Burlingame, CA
- James E. Canales, President and CEO, The James Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA
- James G. Coulter, Founding Partner, TPG Capital, LP, San Francisco, CA
- Steven A. Denning, Chairman, General Atlantic LLC, Greenwich, CT
- Bruce W. Dunlevie, General Partner, Benchmark Capital, Menlo Park, CA
- Armando Garza, Chairman, Alfa, Nuevo Leуn, Mexico
- John A. Gunn, Chairman Emeritus and Director, Dodge and Cox, San Francisco, CA
- Christine U. Hazy, Co-Founder and Managing Director, Sketch Foundation, Los Angeles, CA
- John L. Hennessy, President, Stanford University, Stanford, CA
- Pete Higgins, Partner, Second Avenue Partners, Seattle, WA
- Leslie P. Hume, San Francisco, CA (Chair)
- Ronald B. Johnson, Chief Executive Officer, J.C. Penney, Inc., Plano, TX
- Ann H. Lamont, Managing Partner, Oak Management Corporation, Norwalk, CT
- Frank D. Lee, CEO, Dragonfly Sciences, Inc., Wellesley, MA
- Goodwin Liu, Associate Justice, California Supreme Court, San Francisco, CA
- Susan R. McCaw, President, COM Investments, Santa Barbara, CA
- Hamid R. Moghadam, Chairman & Co-CEO, Prologis, Inc., San Francisco, CA
- Wendy Munger, South Pasadena, CA
- Paul A. Ormond, Chairman, President, CEO, HCR ManorCare, Toledo, OH
- Ruth M. Porat, Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer, Morgan Stanley, New York, NY
- Penny S. Pritzker, Chairman, TransUnion, Chicago, IL
- Miriam Rivera, Managing Partner, Ulu Ventures, Palo Alto, CA
- Victoria B. Rogers, President, The Rose Hills Foundation, Los Angeles, CA
- Richard A. Sapp, Rancho Santa Fe, CA
- Kavitark Shriram, Founder, Sherpalo Ventures LLC, Menlo Park, CA
- Ronald P. Spogli, Founding Partner, Freeman Spogli & Company, Los Angeles, CA
- Isaac Stein, President, Waverley Associates, Atherton, CA
- Thomas F. Steyer, Sr. Managing Member, Farallon Capital Management, LLC, San Francisco, CA
- Vaughn C. Williams, Of Counsel, Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom, New York, NY
- Jerry Yang, Chief Yahoo and Co-Founder, Yahoo! Inc., Sunnyvale, CA
- Deborah A. Zoullas, Private Investor, D Squared Holdings LLC, New York, NY
>> Stanford Administration
- John Hennessy, President
- John Etchemendy, Provost
- David Demarest, Vice President for Public Affairs
- David A. Jones, Vice President for Human Resources
- Randall S. Livingston, Vice President for Business Affairs and Chief Financial Officer
- William J. Madia, Vice President, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
- Robert Reidy, Vice President for Land, Buildings and Real Estate
- Martin Shell, Vice President for Development
- Howard Wolf, Vice President for Alumni Affairs and President, Stanford Alumni Association
- Debra Zumwalt, Vice President and General Counsel
- Ann Arvin , Vice Provost and Dean of Research
- Harry Elam, Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education
- Persis Drell, Director, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
- Patricia Gumport, Vice Provost for Graduate Education
- Larry Kramer, Dean, School of Law
- Pamela Matson, Dean, School of Earth Sciences
- Philip Pizzo, Dean, School of Medicine
- James Plummer, Dean, School of Engineering
- John Raisian, Director, Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace
- Richard Saller, Dean, School of Humanities and Sciences
- Garth Saloner, Dean, Graduate School of Business
- Deborah Stipek, Dean, School of Education
In 2010, 10,233 staff members supported teaching, learning and research at Stanford, including 5,214 managerial and professional staff, 2,816 clerical and technical staff, and 717 service and maintenance staff. There are 1,476 employees at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. For more information about working at Stanford, visit jobs.stanford.edu
> About Stanford University. Stanford Alumni.
>> Stanford Alumni
There are an estimated 188,385 living Stanford degree holders, including 74,468 undergraduate alumni, 95,236 graduate alumni and 18,681 dual-degree holders. Stanford alumni can be found in 143 countries, 19 territories and all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Some notable Stanford alumni include:
Derek Bok, former Harvard University president; William Brody, Salk Institute president and former Johns Hopkins president, Nancy Cantor, Syracuse chancellor and president; France Cуrdova, Purdue president; Michael V. Drake, UC-Irvine chancellor, Pamela Eibeck, University of the Pacific president; Vartan Gregorian, former Brown president; the Rev. William Leahy, Boston College president; Richard Levin, Yale president; Robert Shelton, University of Arizona president
Arts and entertainment
Actors Jennifer Connelly, Ted Danson, Fred Savage and Sigourney Weaver; artists Richard Diebenkorn* and Robert Motherwell*; broadcasters Gretchen Carlson, Ted Koppel and Rachel Maddow; composer David Lang; directors David Chase, Alexander Payne and Jay Roach; pianist Jon Nakamatsu; producers David Brown*, Roger Corman, Gale Anne Hurd, Edward Pressman, Jeffrey Skoll and Richard Zanuck
Baseball player Mike Mussina; football quarterbacks John Elway, Trent Edwards and Jim Plunkett, golfers Tom Watson and Tiger Woods; Olympians Jennifer Azzi, Janet Evans, Julie Foudy, Eric Heiden, Bob Mathias*, Pablo Morales, Jessica Mendoza, Summer Sanders, Kerri Strug, Jenny Thompson and Kerri Walsh, tennis player John McEnroe. San Francisco Giants managing partner Bill Neukom
Entrepreneurs Sergey Brin and Larry Page (Google), Doris Fisher (Gap), Reed Hastings (Netflix), William Hewlett* and David Packard* (Hewlett-Packard), Phil Knight (Nike), Scott McNealy, Vinod Khosla and Andy Bechtolsheim (Sun Microsystems), Charles R. Schwab, (Charles Schwab Corp.), Peter Thiel (PayPal), Jerry Yang and David Filo (Yahoo!); executives Steve Ballmer (Microsoft), Azim Premji (Wipro), Jeffrey Bewkes (Time Warner)
U.S. president Herbert Hoover*; Supreme Court justices Stephen Breyer, Anthony Kennedy, Sandra Day O’Connor and William Rehnquist*; U.S. senators Max Baucus, Jeff Bingaman, Kent Conrad, Dianne Feinstein, Jeff Merkley and Ron Wyden; Jorge Serrano Elнas, former president of Guatemala; Ricardo Maduro, former president of Honduras; Alejandro Toledo, former president of Peru; former prime ministers of Japan Taro Aso and Yukio Hatoyama; and Ehud Barak, former prime minister of Israel
Science and engineering
Inventors Vinton Cerf (the Internet protocol), Ray Dolby (noise-reduction system), Ed Ginzton* (microwave technology), Ted Hoff (microprocessor), H. Taylor Howard* (satellite dish), Ted Maiman* (laser), Brad Parkinson (GPS), Brent Townshend (56K modem) and Russell Varian* and Sigurd Varian* (klystron); Nobel Prize winners Dudley Herschbach, Roger Kornberg and K. Barry Sharpless (chemistry) and Eric Cornell, Richard E. Taylor and Carl Wieman (physics)
Novelists Michael Cunningham, Jeffrey Eugenides, Ernest Gaines, Allegra Goodman, Alice Hoffman, Ken Kesey*, Nicole Krauss, N. Scott Momaday, John Steinbeck*, Vikram Seth, Scott Turow and Tobias Wolff; playwrights Maxwell Anderson*, David Henry Hwang and Mark Medoff; poets laureate Robert Hass and Robert Pinsky
Episcopal bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori; Nobel Prize-winning economists John Harsanyi* and Oliver E. Williamson; information designer and statistician Edward Tufte, philanthropic leaders Jeff Raikes (The Gates Foundation) and Jessica Jackley and Matt Flannery (Kiva); Internet pioneer Stewart Brand, Firefox software developer Blake Ross, surgeon Atul Gawande, vintners Paul Draper and Robert Mondavi*, and 17 astronauts, including first American woman in space Sally Ride.
>> Stanford Alumni Association
Established in 1892 by members of Stanford’s first graduating class, the Stanford Alumni Association works to reach, serve and engage Stanford alumni throughout the world. It offers programs and services including reunions, Stanford Magazine, faculty-led travel, and alumni networking. For more information, visit alumni.stanford.edu.